TOPICS by Aristotle


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Aristotle’s Early Life

Book III concerns commonplaces from which things can be discussed with respect to whether they are "better" or "worse". Book IV deals with "genus"—how it is discovered and what are the sources of argument for and against attribution of a genus. Book V discusses the base of "property"—that which is attributable only to a particular subject and is not an essential attribute.

Property is subdivided into essential [9] and permanent , versus relative and temporary. Book VI describes "definition" and the numerous means that may be used to attack and defend a definition. Book VII is a short recapitulation of "definition" and "sameness", and compares the various difficulties involved in forming arguments, both pro and con , about the other bases of dialectical disputation.

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Book VIII the final book is a lengthy survey containing suggestions, hints, and some tricks about the technique of organizing and delivering one or the other side of verbal disputation. The Sophistical Refutations is viewed by some [11] as an appendix to the Topics, inasmuch as its final section [12] appears to form an epilogue to both treatises. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Stump, Eleonore.

Essays on Aristotle. Free Examples of Research Paper Topics, Titles GradesFixer

Boethius's De topicis differentiis. Cornell University Press. Ithaca and London, After dealing with accident Aristotle turns his attention to genus. Genus is the wider group of which a species is a part.

Topics ( Organon V - Topica)

For example color is the genus of the species white. There are many parts which can be used to prove or disprove whether a given species belongs to a particular genus and Aristotle discusses most of them.

He then shows how genus relations can be used to prove a that a theses is correct or incorrect. Then Aristotle goes into the topic of property which is that which is true of a particular species. A property will be present in all examples of particular species even unusual ones otherwise it is not a property. From a property many universal conclusions can be reached which can help prove or disprove a thesis.

Next Aristotle pulls these last three together to make the definition of an object possible. When the definition has been proved either side has ground to make their argument stick as it allows changes to things and is universal.

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After going through these points as well as defining sameness Aristotle tells how to go about winning a dialectical argument as well as how to lose one with honor. The form of the dialectic is more important than the facts of which one can be mistaken. Overall a difficult book which I believe to have use for lawyers, philosophers and anyone else trying to defend their viewpoint logically.


  • Key Information.
  • Aristotle's <i>Topics</i> | brill.
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About Aristotle. Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle's works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest. A prodigious researcher and writer, Aristotle left a great body of work, perhaps numbering as many as two-hundred treatises, from which approximately thirty-one survive.

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Confirmation by Galens Institutio Logica. How does a hypothetical syllogism work 2.

J Hypothetical syllogisms in the Topics. K Hypothetical syllogisms in APr A Classified Bibliography.

TOPICS by Aristotle TOPICS by Aristotle
TOPICS by Aristotle TOPICS by Aristotle
TOPICS by Aristotle TOPICS by Aristotle
TOPICS by Aristotle TOPICS by Aristotle
TOPICS by Aristotle TOPICS by Aristotle
TOPICS by Aristotle TOPICS by Aristotle

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