The outstanding contribution of this book, meanwhile, is in its explanation of the utterly elitist perspective from which the Thyssens saw their role within National Socialism. So far, it is the only volume to have been reviewed, not only in academic circles , but also by a major German newspaper. An honest German view photo copyright: Lizas Welt — internet: Leider ist sie offensichtlich auch nicht die vorausschauendste Person, da sie z.
Der Unterschied liegt darin, dass sie unsere Belege mit ausgesprochen positiven Termini neu umspannt, um dem allgemeinen Programm der Schadensbegrenzung dieser Serie gerecht zu werden.
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In der Welt von Simone Derix werden die Thyssens immer noch! Mit zwei oder drei Ausnahmen werden die Thyssens nie richtiger Weise als handelnde, profitierende, u. Immer wieder und auf bombastische Weise behauptet sie z. Die Linie der Bornemiszas, in die Heinrich einheiratete z. Laut Derix verbrachte Fritz Thyssen Anfang des Und genauso sind es ihre lang anhaltenden Verrenkungen, Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza als perfekt assimilierten, ungarischen Gutsherren zu portraitieren.
Es ist offensichtlich auch das Motto dieser Thyssen-finanzierten Akademiker geworden. Dies erstreckt sich auch darauf, die Rolle des August Thyssen Junior von der des schwarzen Schafs der Familie auf die des engagierten Unternehmers um zu schreiben. Jahrhunderts eng miteinander verbunden blieben. Ab kaufte Fritz Thyssen in Argentinien Land.
Derix bleibt vage bestreffs genauer Daten. Dies aber ist keine Schlussfolgerung, die Simone Derix zieht. So fuhren sie anscheinend am Was aber genau waren diese Anliegen? Sie illustriert, mit welchem Ernst er der, wenn auch Unternehmens-bedingten, Kriegsverbrechen beschuldigt wurde; genug um ihn mit Inhaftierung zu bestrafen:. Sein Gesundheitszustand verschlimmerte sich. In diesem Gericht, wie es seinem unaufrichtigen Charakter entsprach, gab Fritz Thyssen an, keinen Heller zu besitzen.
Die Thyssen Dynastie, S. Die Geheimhaltung der Transaktion entspricht komplett seinem Stil. Ms Derix herself is not the fearful type of course, though somewhat hypocritical. She appears to be preemptively obedient and committed to pleasing her presumably partisan paymasters, in the form of the Fritz Thyssen Foundation. She is in all seriousness trying to convince us that research into the lives of wealthy persons is a brand new branch of academia, and that she is its most illustrious, pioneering proponent.
Does she not know that recorded history has traditionally been by the rich, of the rich and for the rich only? Has she forgotten that even basic reading and writing were privileges of the few until some hundred and fifty years ago? At the same time, contrary to us, Derix does not appear to have had any first hand experience of exceptionally rich people at all, particularly Thyssens. Rich people only mix with rich people, and unless Derix got paid by the word, there is no evidence that she ever in any way qualified for serious comment on their modus operandi.
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What is new, of course, is that feudalism has been swept away and replaced by democratic societies, where knowledge is broadly accessible and equality before the law is paramount. They only ever want you to know glorious things about them and keep the realities cloaked behind their outstanding wealth. To suggest that this series is being issued because the Thyssens have suddenly decided to engage in an exercise of honesty, generously letting official historians browse their most private documents, however, is ludicrous.
The only reason why Simone Derix is revealing some controversial facts about the Thyssens is because we already revealed them. Thus, Derix seems to believe she can run with the fox and hunt with the hounds; a balancing act made considerably easier by her pronouncement, early on, that any considerations of ethics or morality are to be categorically excluded from her study. It is just one of the many statements that appears to show how much the arguably authoritarian mindset of her sponsors may have rubbed off on her.
The fact that academics employed by publicly funded universities should be used thus as PR-agents for the self-serving entities that are the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, the Thyssen Industrial History Foundation and the ThyssenKrupp Konzern Archive is highly questionable by any standards, but particularly by supposedly academic ones. Especially when they claim to be independent. With two or three exceptions they are never properly described as the active, profiting contributors to the existence and aims of the regime.
The outrageousnness of her allegation is compounded by the fact that she fails to quote evidence, as reproduced in our book, showing that allied investigators made clear reference to the Thyssens themselves being the real perpetrators and obfuscators. Yet still, Derix purports to be invoking German greatness, honour and patriotism in her quest for Thyssen gloss. But she fails to properly range them alongside the industrialist families of Krupp, Quandt, Siemens and Bosch, preferring to surround their name hyperbolically with those of the Bismarck, Hohenzollern, Thurn und Taxis and Wittelsbach ruling dynasties.
In reality, many Thyssen heirs chose to turn their backs on Germany and live transnational lives abroad. Their mausoleum is not even accessible to the general public. Contrary to what Derix implies, the iconic name that engenders such a strong feeling of allegiance in Germany is that of the public Thyssen now ThyssenKrupp company alone, as one of the main national employers.
This has nothing whatsoever to do with any respect for the descendants of the formidable August Thyssen, most of whom are, for reason of their chosen absence, completely unknown in the country. Their equal was never seen again in subsequent Thyssen generations. This included marrying into the Hungarian, increasingly faux aristocracy, whereby, even Derix has to admit, by the s every fifth Hungarian citizen pretended to be an aristocrat. Until, that is, social conventions had moved on enough by the s and their daughters were able to marry into the truly old Hungarian dynasties of Batthyany and Zichy.
But until that time, based on their outstanding wealth, this did not stop the brothers from adopting many of the domains of grandeur for themselves. Fritz Thyssen, according to Derix, even spent his time in the early s importing horses from England, introducing English fox hunting to Germany and owning a pack of staghounds. He also had his servant quarters built lower down from his own in his new country seat, specifically to signal class distinction. And so are her lengthy contortions in presenting Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza as the perfectly assimilated Hungarian country squire.
Clearly, it has also become the motto of these Thyssen-financed academics. But these gems of truthfulness are swamped under the fountains of her gushing propaganda designed to make the second generation Thyssens look better than they were. A huge chance of genuine transparency was wasted here. Derix also fails to draw attention to the fact that the August Thyssen and Josef Thyssen branches of the family developed in very different ways.
Fortunately, Derix does not concentrate all her efforts in creative fiction and plagiarisation, but manages to provide at least some substantive politico-economic facts as well. Fact is that, despite buying Villa Favorita in Lugano, Switzerland in , Heinrich Thyssen continued to spend the largest amounts of his time living a hotel life in a permanent suite in Berlin and elsewhere and also kept a main residence in Holland where Heini Thyssen grew up almost alone, except for the staff.
His Ticino lawyer Roberto van Aken had to remind him in that he still had not applied for permanent residency in Switzerland.
„Moralisch ist, wer seine Haut aufs Spiel setzt“
Derix also readjusts the old Thyssen myth that Fritz Thyssen and Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza went their separate ways in business as soon as they inherited from their father, who died in We always said that the two brothers remained strongly interlinked until well into the second half of the 20th century. But it is her next sentence that most infuriates: She does not say when it was created.
To us this sounds like a highly suspicious piece of information. How convenient, especially since no-one outside the Thyssen organisation will ever be able to verify this claim truly independently; or at least until the protective mantle of Professor Manfred Rasch, head of the ThyssenKrupp Konzern Archive, retires.
She then adds that existing Thyssen institutions outside of Germany were used in order to carry out this transfer. From onwards, Fritz Thyssen began to buy real estate in Argentina. We had already detailed in our book how Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, via Hendrik Kouwenhoven, set up in Switzerland the Kaszony Family Foundation in to lodge his inherited participations and the Rohoncz Collection Foundation in to place art works he bought as easily movable capital investments from onwards. Now Derix writes that the Rohoncz Foundation too was founded in The associated topics of tax evasion and tax avoidance stay completely off her academic radar; ignoring our documented proof.
In another bold rewriting of official Thyssen history the author states that the Thyssen brothers frequently acted in parallel in their financial affairs. Derix is hazy about exact dates. Derix points out that these two instruments also allowed secret transactions between the Thyssen brothers. Of course, not only was this most royalist of German states close to Switzerland, but it was also, at that time, the cradle of the Nazi movement. Adolf Hitler also much preferred Munich to Berlin. According to Derix, it was starting in that Heinrich Thyssen sold his shares in the United Steelworks to Fritz while Fritz sold his Dutch participations to Heinrich and as a result Heinrich Thyssen alone was in control of the Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart from onwards.
But in , the Germans found out that there was a considerable discrepancy between the 1,5 million Reichsmark of Dutch participations held in HAIC as had been stated and the actual, true value, which turned out to be to million RM. This is not, however, a conclusion drawn by Simone Derix. One begins to wonder what there was actually left to confiscate from Fritz Thyssen once he fled Germany at the onset of war in Derix admits that his flight happened not least because he preferred to complete his self-interested financial transactions from the safety of Switzerland, with the help of Heinrich Blass at Credit Suisse in Zurich.
For Simone Derix to point this out on behalf of the Thyssen organisation is significant; even if she fails to draw any appropriate conclusions, as they would most likely be at odds with her blue-sky remit. Truly, and in the words of the far more experienced Harald Wixforth no less: Apparently they travelled from Genua, sailing on But what exactly were those wishes?
The hubristically delusional Fritz obviously thought he could get rid of Hitler as easily as he had helped him get into power. Which makes one wonder, why German historians previously felt the need to misrepresent these facts. It illustrates the seriousness in which he was considered to have been guilty of albeit blue collar war crimes, which should have been punishable by incarceration:. Thyssen suffered a collapse and had to go into medical care. In that court, as befitting his insincere character, Fritz Thyssen described himself as penniless. After studying chemistry in Zurich and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he became an assistant at a research laboratory of the Shell Petroleum Company in St Louis.
He then wrote his dissertation at Budapest University and began working in natural resources deposit research. In , Seismos was bought for 1. So, of no little importance for a company which so far, in Thyssen-backed histories, had been portrayed, if at all, as being of little consequence. And not for the secretive Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza either, whose son Heini Thyssen shortly after the war would get his Swiss lawyer Roberto van Aken to lie to the US visa application department thus: From Februar , Armaments and Munitions Minister Albert Speer recommended all possible support for the development of rockets.
While Simone Derix entirely fails to address any aspects of this topic, the lawyer and historian Frank Baranowski has unearthed a highly important document and explains on his website: Deutsche Bank negotiated the transfer of the share capital of 1 million Reichsmark into various hands. The majority was acquired by the solicitor and notary Paul Langkopf of Hanover , RM , which was most likely done on the orders of a client who wished to remain anonymous.
MABAG came to see itself as a company entirely geared to the production of armaments, ….. It just so happens that Paul Langkopf was a professional whose services had been engaged by various members of the Thyssen family over the years. The secrecy of the transaction fits his style completely.
Finally Simone Derix covers two other important topics in her book — as did we, albeit to a different degree -; namely: In both matters, members and associates of the Thyssen family played questionable roles, using their high-level diplomatic and other positions, to help the Thyssens play off one host nation against another, in their pursuit of limitless personal advantage. Kouwenhoven, general representative of Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, copyright Stadsarchief Rotterdam. Es ist ein Thema, das uns ganz besonders am Herzen liegt. Derix beschreibt, wie Fritz Anfang des Unsere Forschungen deuten darauf hin, dass dies geschah, sodass der im Tessin verschanzte Baron keine offensichtlichen Besitzungen im Deutschen Reich mehr aufwies.
Wo genau in Rechnitz installierte sich die Partei mit ihren verschiedenen Organisationen? Simone Derix liefert keine Antworten auf diese Fragen, obwohl sie mittels viel wortreichem Wirbel vorgibt, genau das zu tun. Stattdessen schreibt sie in vager, ausweichender Manier: Ihre Behandlung hing von ihrer Position innerhalb der Rassenhierarchie ab, welche die Nazi-Ideologen verfasst hatten. Niemand jedoch wurde so schlecht behandelt wie die Juden.
Diese wird im Rahmen der Aufarbeitung der Rechnitzer Kriegsverbrechen nach dem Krieg an besonderer Bedeutung gewinnen. Mit dem Jahr wurde der Nazi-Traum zum Alptraum. Bis Juli wurden Laut Eva Schwarzmayer wurden ca. Von diesen arbeiteten insgesamt bis zu 6. Dies geschah in Rechnitz mehrmals. Aber sie macht keinerlei Angaben zu diesen anderen Rechnitzer Massakern. Franz Cserer aus Rechnitz gab an, dass ca. Unglaublicherweise behandelt Simone Derix diesen beschleunigenden Horror indem sie die folgende, technokratische Sprache verwendet: Die Personen, die in der Nacht vom Verschiedene Akademiker haben auf diese angebliche Tatsache viel Wert gelegt, um zu zeigen, dass Margit Batthyany nicht die Gastgeberin des Abends gewesen sei, wie wir angegeben haben.
Sie tat dies aber nicht. Man muss also annehmen, dass sie mit den rassistischen und politischen Drangsalierungen der damaligen Zeit einverstanden war.
- Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Paul Natorp" by Alan Kim;
- The Modesty Diaries Pt 2 Arrivals & Departures (The Modesty Ablaze Diaries).
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Derix aber zieht diese logische Schlussfolgerung nicht. Ebenso tat es Podezin. Emmerich Cserer aus Rechnitz sagte aus, dass am Josef Muralter gab zu Protokoll, dass er am Sie verbargen in keinster Weise, was dort geschehen war. Wurde Margit Batthyany-Thyssen je aufgefordert, vor Gericht zu erscheinen? Falls nicht, weshalb nicht? In Wahrheit hat sie ihm ein Alibi verschafft, indem sie sagte, er habe sich die ganze Nacht auf dem Schloss aufgehalten. Simone Derix behauptet auch, Franz Podezin sei in der Sache befragt worden.
Dies ist ein seltener, kostbarer Beitrag von Derix zum Fall Rechnitz. Die Thyssens gaben damit Hans-Joachim Oldenburg nicht nur eine Arbeitsstelle, sondern, so scheint es, auch Schutz vor weiteren Ermittlungen gegen ihn. Ein Brief vom Oldenburg wurde seinerseits am Warum wurde gegen sie nie Anklage erhoben? Warum tun sie dies nicht? Aber bei den Thyssens existiert eine solche Fragmentierung nicht. Die folgenden Statements wurden bisher abgegeben: Auf sie wissen wir keine Antworten……. Dieses Buch ist eine Kurzfassung der Habilitationsschrift von Simone Derix und wird als solche von deutschen Akademikern als Fakt aufgenommen werden, eine Qualifizierung, gegen die wir eindringlich Einwand erheben.
- “Nichts als der Tod und die Satire” in: Daphnis Volume 47 Issue ( ).
- Suicide Squeeze (Love and Life Challenges, Post 9-11 Book 2).
The Thyssens have always avoided revealing the details of their Nazi past, relying on a mixture of denial, obfuscation and bribery. Sometimes this has been successful and sometimes not, as, despite their best laid plans, the books have often revealed more than the Thyssens might have liked, either directly or through the exposure of contradictions. Germany was a late developer in both its industrialisation and nationhood and emerged onto the international stage with an explosive energy that was to become catastrophic.
The Thyssen brothers self-servingly meddled in politics, overtly Fritz or behind the scenes, through discrete diplomatic and society channels Heinrich — though the latter is denied vehemently by Derix and her academic associates. Both Thyssen brothers helped bring about the eventual enthronement of the Nazis in Yet Simone Derix tries to reinvent them as the guiltlessly entrapped, illustrious captains of industry they never were in the first place.
On 8th April , one week after the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany, Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza gave his Rechnitz estate, which had once been in the Batthyany family for centuries from to , to Margit, according to our research apparently so that he, ensconced in his Swiss hide-away on the shores of Lake Lugano, would not be seen to own any property in the German Reich.
Simone Derix alleges this was instead done for tax reasons. All his Ruhr factories being owned by Dutch financial instruments, the Swiss authorities, who until the turning point of the war in were pro-German but whose ultimate stance was one of political neutrality, were satisfied that Heinrich would not become a political problem to them. Through his company Thyssensche Gas- und Wasserwerke later Thyssengas , Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza discreetly continued to fund both Rechnitz castle and the Batthyany matrimony.
During WWII, the Walsum coal mine belonging to Thyssengas in the Ruhr used forced labour to the tune of two thirds of its labour force; a record in German industry. In the Rechnitz area, some mining interests were being exploited by the Thyssengas company. For centuries the huge Rechnitz castle, in whose courtyard, it was said, an entire husars regiment could perform its drill, had been the power centre of Rechnitz. How exactly did this situation develop after the Nazis took charge of the country? Where in Rechnitz did the party and its organisations install themselves?
Simone Derix does not furnish any answers to these important questions, despite pretending to do so, by help of much verbose flourish. Instead, she writes in a vague, evasive manner: In , Jews lived in Rechnitz. But Simone Derix pointedly refuses to acknowledge the anti-semitism of key Thyssens and instead reserves this characteristic for marginal characters. In the spring of , according to Derix, Hans-Joachim Oldenburg, whose father was a senior engineer at Thyssen and who himself had worked on agricultural estates owned by the Thyssen family, was sent to Rechnitz Castle to take charge of its estate management, which was soon relying on forced labourers from all over Nazi-occupied Europe.
That summer, Franz Podezin arrived in Rechnitz as a civil servant of the Gestapo border post. He also became the leader of the Nazi party in Rechnitz. Either his statement is correct or Derix is right when she alleges that Podezin only came to take up offices in the castle in the autum of when he became Nazi party head of subsection I of section VI Rechnitz of the South-East Earth Wall building works.
By avoiding clarity on these points, Derix fudges the issue and contributes to the vindication of culprits — particularly of the Thyssens as owners, funders and residents of the castle. The activities on this reinforced defense system designed to hold up the Red Army were coordinated by the organisation Todt run by Armaments Minister Albert Speer , by the Wehrmacht major-general Wilhelm Weiss and, in the section in question, by the Gauleiter of Styria, to which Burgenland then belonged, Sigfried Uiberreither.
Locals as well as forced labourers from different nations were employed, whose treatment depended on their position within the racial hierarchies proclaimed by Nazi ideology. Bottom of the heap and therefore having to endure the worst conditions and abuses, were Slavs, Russians and nationals of the states of the Soviet Union.
But none of them were as badly treated as the Jews. How exactly did Margit Batthyany-Thyssen spend these 12 years of Nazi tyranny? In , their Erlenhof stud Nordlicht achieved the same feats, though the German Derby was held in Berlin that year due to the allied bombing damage on Hamburg. At these public gatherings, Margit Batthyany mixed with and was feted by Nazi officials, who looked up to her as a member of the highest-level Nazi-state elite.
Francesco Patrizi wurde am April in Cres geboren. So ergab es sich, dass Francesco an der Seeschlacht von Preveza teilnahm, in der die christliche Flotte geschlagen wurde. Mehrere Jahre verbrachte er auf See. Im September begab er sich nach Venedig, um eine Berufsqualifikation zu erwerben. Dort eignete er sich Griechischkenntnisse an. Sein Interesse galt weiterhin der humanistischen Bildung. Unter dem Einfluss eines franziskanischen Gelehrten wandte er sich dem Platonismus zu.
Er trat der Accademia della Fama bei, einer Gelehrtengemeinschaft, in der er Gleichgesinnte fand. Bald gewann Patrizi das Vertrauen Contarinis und erhielt einen bedeutenden Auftrag: Er wurde nach Zypern geschickt, wo er den Familienbesitz, der von einem Bruder Contarinis verwaltet wurde, inspizieren und dann Bericht erstatten sollte. Als Patrizis Rechtfertigung nicht akzeptiert wurde, bat er um seine Entlassung. Der Anfang dieser Verbindung war vielversprechend: Daraufhin unternahm Patrizi seine erste Spanienreise.
Als dieser die Zahlung verweigerte, kam es zu einem langwierigen Prozess, den Patrizi anscheinend verlor. Bei Herzog Alfonso II. Die Zeit der materiellen Sorgen war vorbei. Sowohl am glanzvollen Hof Alfonsos als auch im akademischen Umfeld genoss er hohes Ansehen. Der Erfolg von Sein und Zeit war unmittelbar und sein Einfluss umfassend. Eine ausgezeichnete Zusammenfassung des historischen Materials kann in einem Artikel aus dem Jahr , Heidegger and the Nazis , gefunden werden.
Die Sozialdemokratische Partei und ihr wachsender Einfluss in ganz Deutschland wurde in dieser Region als "Hauptfeind im Inneren" betrachtet. Heideggers Familie entstammte der unteren Mittelklasse. Dort besuchte er eine Schule, die auf das Noviziat vorbereitete. Die Schule war von der katholischen Kirche als Bastion der Konservatismus gegen den wachsenden Einfluss von Liberalismus und Protestantismus in der Region eingerichtet worden. Ihre Vorlesungen waren unter den beliebtesten an der Schule. Wir wissen nicht genau, wie diese progressiven Ideen von dem jungen Heidegger aufgenommen wurden.
Dieser Zeitgeist wurde von dem Philosophen Oswald Spengler, der wiederum von Friedrich Nietzsche beeinflusst war, zum Ausdruck gebracht.
Wenn man seine Vorgeschichte betrachtet, sollte einen dies nicht verwundern. Mai Am Wer den Kampf nicht besteht, bleibt liegen. Am Ende des Briefes merkte er an: "Es bedarf keines besonderen Hinweises, dass Nichtarier auf dem Unterschriftenblatt nicht erscheinen sollen. Staudinger wurde mit dem Verlust seiner Arbeit und seiner Pension konfrontiert.
Das Ministerium zwang Staudinger, einen Antrag auf Entlassung zu unterschreiben. Baumgarten kommt verwandtschaftlich und seiner geistigen Haltung nach aus dem liberal-demokratischen Heidelberger Intellektuellenkreis um Max Weber.
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