The Official Biography of Rangers

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Smith had dropped his yellow card and Gascoigne picked it up and showed it to the official, before returning it. Smith was not amused and booked Gascoigne. Rangers went on to win the league, clinching the title in the penultimate game of the season against Aberdeen. After Rangers went 1—0 down in the early stages, Gascoigne went on to score a hat-trick to give the club a 3—1 victory and the championship. Joining the league crown in the Ibrox trophy cabinet was the Scottish Cup which Rangers won after a 5—1 defeat of Hearts.

In season —97 Rangers went on to win their ninth championship in a row thereby equalling Celtic's achievement of the late s and early s. In the cup competitions, they were knocked out of the Scottish Cup at the quarter-finals stage, losing 2—0 to Celtic. However, the team won the League Cup , defeating Heart of Midlothian 4—3. The European campaign proved to be a disaster. Although the team qualified for the UEFA Champions League after a fine 10—3 aggregate win over Russian champions Alania Vladikavkaz , they only recorded three points from their six group matches. The season —98 proved to be Walter Smith's last season as manager and Rangers were unable to win their tenth league championship in a row.

The early season form of new signing Marco Negri gave the team fresh impetus but when the manager Walter Smith announced that he would leave the club at the end of the season the team's form dipped. The side finished the league on 72 points, two behind champions Celtic after taking the title race to the last day of the season. The club ended the season trophy-less for the first time in twelve seasons as they lost the Scottish Cup Final to Heart of Midlothian 2—1 and were knocked out League Cup in the quarter-finals by Dundee United.

Smith left Rangers and joined Premier League club Everton. Advocaat, former manager of PSV Eindhoven, became only Rangers' tenth manager and was the first non-Scot to hold the position. His appointment was viewed as reflecting a desire to begin to challenge Europe's elite clubs. David Murray, the club's owner and chairman, had long proclaimed that Rangers ought to be judged not just in relation to success in Scotland, but on performance in Europe, and especially in the UEFA Champions League.

Despite being given resources on a scale never before handed to a Rangers manager, success on a larger stage failed to materialise, and the costly legacy of Advocaat's time at Ibrox was a debt that would cripple the club for years. The scale of these resources made available to Advocaat initially confirmed that the Rangers management was thinking in bold, European terms.

Confronted with a rump of players remaining after Smith's departure, Advocaat was furnished with an unprecedented transfer budget over the coming seasons. However, while Advocaat's record in transfer dealings remained mixed throughout his time at Ibrox, at first the club appeared to be beginning to deliver in playing terms, both in Scotland and less predictably Europe. Advocaat's first season saw another domestic treble secured.

In the following season, Advocaat continued to spend big, bringing the likes of Michael Mols and Claudio Reyna to Ibrox. A domestic double was secured in Advocaat's second season. In Europe, too, there were signs of greatly improved performance in the Champions League , as Parma were defeated en route to qualification for the group stages of the competition. Rangers entered Advocaat's third season emboldened by the capture of five of the six domestic trophies available in his first two years.

However, while the club again qualified for the Champions League group stage, performances in the league began rapidly to disintegrate. Morale amongst players and supporters plummeted amidst credible rumours of players unrest and dressing room divides. A worsening financial position exacerbated the gathering gloom.

The club failed to win a major competition in the —01 season , as Celtic swept the domestic board. Having continued in similar fashion in —02 , and with Martin O'Neill 's Celtic side once more running away with the championship, Advocaat resigned as manager and took up a general manager position, which he would leave after only 11 months. Alex McLeish was appointed the new Rangers manager in December Advocaat's tenure at Ibrox had been a paradoxical one.

On the other hand, with the club deep in financial difficulty, there was no realistic prospect of boosting its fortunes through further expensive player acquisitions. The challenge of restoring the club to supremacy in Scotland looked to be an unenviable one for Alex McLeish. Many fans viewed it as symptomatic of the downsizing of the club's ambitions, while others saw in McLeish a manager whose mixed fortunes at Hibernian and Motherwell left him ill-equipped to cope with the demands of managing a high-profile club like Rangers.

However, McLeish was the number one managerial target on a four-man shortlist. Fans concerns were quickly allayed as McLeish's Rangers team began to display a spirit that had been sorely lacking in the twlight of Advocaat's reign. A Scottish Cup and League Cup double in McLeish's first half-season, —02 , saw a renewed sense of optimism that Rangers could regain the ascendancy claimed by Celtic under the managership of Martin O'Neill.

In McLeish's first full season as manager, —03 , the club won its seventh domestic treble. The Scottish Premier League title was secured after an astonishingly tense run-in. Going into the final round both sides were equal on 94 points but Rangers had a one-goal advantage and sat top of the league. The destination of the title was unknown until the final seconds of this match with both teams level on points and goal difference.

Only a last-minute penalty by Mikel Arteta clinched the league for Rangers. A victory over Celtic in the Scottish League Cup Final in March, provided the first leg of the club's seventh treble. The following season, McLeish's initial period as manager proved difficult to sustain.

The club's perilous financial position in the wake of the profligacy of the Advocaat era, meant a period of relative austerity. The wage bill had to be slashed as the club embarked on an extensive cost-cutting programme in an attempt to stabilise a mushrooming and unsustainable level of debt. Confronted with a squad of well-paid but ageing players assembled by Advocaat, McLeish was compelled to rebuild without the luxury of the generous transfer kitty enjoyed by some of his predecessors.

McLeish was to lose, from his treble winning squad, the inspirational if mistake-prone defender Lorenzo Amoruso , Scottish international winger Neil McCann and, most damagingly of all, club captain Barry Ferguson.

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In their place McLeish was required to rebuild with only the use of Bosman free transfers and loan siginings. After a good start to the —04 season which saw the side top of the league and qualify for UEFA Champions League thanks to a dramatic late goal in Denmark against FC Copenhagen , the loss of Ferguson shortly afterwards led to a dramatic downturn in results and ultimately a trophyless campaign. The Serb would manage less than ten games for the club. On the pitch, the team again fell behind Celtic in the league and exited the Champions League at the qualifying stage.

After this, his fortunes began to turn again. Once these players settled in, the team began to recover ground on O'Neill's ageing Celtic side. This cash paved the way for more signings, including Thomas Buffel , Sotirios Kyrgiakos and the return of former captain Barry Ferguson. Despite catching and overtaking Celtic with two Old Firm wins, including a pivotal 2—0 victory at Celtic Park in what was McLeish's first win there as Rangers manager nerves seemed to get the better of Rangers.

A loss to Celtic in the last derby of the season at Ibrox, handed a five-point lead to their rivals with only four games of remaining, and seemed to end hopes of the title. However, Rangers kept its winnings way and a 3—1 Celtic home loss to Hibernian meant only two points separated the sides going into the final game of the season. Rangers needed to win at Hibernian and hope that Celtic would drop points at Fir Park.

In perhaps even more dramatic circumstances than two years previously. For 89 minutes of the match, Rangers thought their rivals were set for the title, and once news broke of Motherwell's late intervention, ecstasy awaited for the Ibrox legions. Even the helicopter that was carrying the league trophy was on its way to Motherwell so it had to turn around and fly to Edinburgh.

That day has passed into Ibrox folklore, becoming known as Helicopter Sunday. McLeish could celebrate his second, and Rangers' 51st, league title. The —06 season got off to a bad start, with Rangers only winning six league games out of the first 17, being knocked out of the League Cup by Celtic in the process. The period from October through to early December saw the team embark on, statistically, the worst run in their history, going ten games without a win.

During this time, however, the club became the first Scottish side to qualify for the knockout stages of the Champions League, yet there was still significant pressure on McLeish from fans due to the club's poor position in the domestic league table. It was widely felt that chairman David Murray would let McLeish go after the European campaign had finished, and a press conference arranged two days after the final group match seemed to confirm this.

However, Murray seemed to undergo a change of heart and stated that McLeish would remain in charge indefinitely, [33] but did concede that domestic results would need to improve. After this announcement, the team improved, helped by the signing from Kilmarnock of Kris Boyd. The side strung together a ten-match unbeaten run. Yet, entering the crucial month of February, which was to feature a must-win Old Firm match and the resumption of European football, this evaporated.

Rangers lost 3—0 at home to Hibernian on 4 February to exit the Scottish Cup and end their last realistic hopes of silverware that season. Protests against McLeish and the chairman followed the game. Overall, McLeish's four-and-a-half-year spell at Ibrox was a turbulent one, coming as it did after the wastefulness of the Advocaat era. McLeish never enjoyed access to the funds his predecessors had been given, and his managership was marked by wildly fluctuating fortunes, in part caused by forced asset stripping of his best players due to the spectre of debt from Advocaat's spending.

The lack of money certainly played its part in McLeish's downfall but it is debatable, based on the money he did have to spend, whether greater sums would have been invested wisely. Indeed, there is an argument that a good proportion of McLeish's signings have been among the worst in the club's entire history.

However, history will look back on McLeish's reign, as a period of tremendous transition on and off the pitch. After signs that supporter unrest was turning on Murray, on 9 February , two days before the crucial Old Firm match, it was announced that McLeish would leave his position as manager at the end of the —06 season, [35] and on 11 March, it was confirmed that former Lyon manager Paul Le Guen would succeed him at the end of the season. Le Guen was well known for unearthing and nurturing young talent and made an immediate splash in the transfer market.

The wave of expectation that was created by Le Guen's appointment was immense and he quickly went about building his own team. The side won 2—0 with first-half goals from Kris Boyd and Thomas Buffel. The squad then flew out to South Africa on 9 July for a training camp where they were to play three matches, but defender Fernando Ricksen did not take any part in the tour of South Africa due to what was described by the club as "unacceptable behaviour" on the flight to Johannesburg. With the transfer window closed and five league matches played, Rangers had collected nine points from fifteen.

The following two months showed little improvement as the side had sporadic wins and lost the first Old Firm match of the season 2—0. From the seven matches played in September and October , the team won just three and gathered ten points from the twenty-one available. By mid November, Rangers found themselves in third place, a full fifteen points behind leaders Celtic. The odd win was mixed with regular dropped points as the team struggled to find consistency in the early part of the season. The culmination of this poor form could be seen when the side was embarrassingly knocked out of the League Cup by then First Division side St Johnstone.

Following the League Cup defeat, there was a slightly gain in form as the side claimed sixteen points from twenty-one, including a 1—1 Old Firm draw thanks to a late-minute Brahim Hemdani equaliser. Domestic results and performances, however, continued to be inconsistent and in January , Le Guen controversially stripped midfielder Barry Ferguson of the captaincy [54]. On 4 January , Le Guen left Rangers by mutual consent. Later that year, sports journalist Graham Spiers published a book which speculated Le Guen left the club because he was being "undermined" by other Rangers personnel. Those named were Ferguson and the then club doctor, Ian McGuinness.

Following the departure of Paul Le Guen, a number of media sources reported an "understanding" that the new management structure would consist of former Rangers manager Walter Smith and former player Ally McCoist , and the SFA confirmed that Rangers enquired about the availability of the pair. This proved to be a steadying influence on the team and they only lost three times until the end of the season, although Webster injured himself during his first training session at the club and did not make his debut until September The early season priority, qualification for the Champions League group stage , was secured after aggregate victories over the champions of the Montenegrin and Serbian leagues, FK Zeta and Red Star Belgrade respectively.

The campaign started well for Rangers with two victories, 2—1 at home to Stuttgart and 3—0 against Lyon at the Stade Gerland as well as a 0—0 draw against Barcelona at Ibrox Stadium. Petersburg , who are managed by former Gers manager Dick Advocaat. Video evidence was released by the Greater Manchester Police of suspected Rangers fans attacking officers in Manchester city centre following the defeat. On the domestic front, the race for the Scottish Premier League continued until the final match-day of the season.

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Both Celtic and Rangers were tied on 86 points going into their games against Dundee United and Aberdeen respectively on 22 May , but Celtic were top of the table due to having a better goal difference of 57, four ahead of Rangers. This did not prove to be decisive, as Rangers surrendered their hopes of landing the championship with a 2—0 defeat away to the Dons. The club had had a ten-point lead in late March. The club appeared in its first final since The match was tied 2—2 after extra time, with both goals coming from Kris Boyd who also scored the winning spot kick.

The side had beaten St Johnstone 4—3 on penalties in the semi-final after the score was tied at 1—1 after extra time. The final was against Queen of the South and played on 24 May The first leg at Ibrox finished goalless, but the return leg ended in defeat for Rangers after an 87th-minute header from Linas Pilibaitis. The player excess was eased slightly with the departures of Chris Burke , Jean-Claude Darcheville and a couple out on loan deals but the increased debt meant that the club needed to find a cash injection.

This resulted in the attempted sale of Kris Boyd to Birmingham City , which fell through due to the player's wage demands. In the first Old Firm game of the season, Rangers won 4—2, with Pedro Mendes scoring his first goal for the club, and Kenny Miller scoring a double against his former employers. However, the team's league form stuttered thereafter.

Despite a run of five wins from six matches following the Old Firm victory, the side trailed Celtic by seven points in the league at the turn of the year. For the first few months of ' both sides dropped and gained points on the other and Rangers briefly took over top spot of the Scottish Premier League on 21 February after a win against Kilmarnock.

The spell as league leaders lasted less than a fortnight. A defeat and a draw, both at home, to Inverness and Hearts respectively, saw Smith's side sit second in the table, one point behind Celtic, at the split. The fourth Old Firm league meeting of the season finished with a 1—0 win to Rangers, thanks to a Steven Davis strike.

This meant that, with three league games remaining, Rangers were two points ahead of Celtic. Further twists and turns followed, both Old Firm sides drew their matches against Hibernian at Easter Road , and so Rangers were ahead by two points with one round of matches remaining. Smith's side just needed a win against Dundee United to guarantee the club's 52nd league title. That is exactly what they got, goals from Kyle Lafferty , Pedro Mendes and Kris Boyd sealed a 3—0 win and the club's first league championship in four seasons.

The club played in the finals of both of the domestic cup competitions for the second season running. The match was Walter Smith 's first ever Old Firm final and was marred by a Kirk Broadfoot sending off deep into extra time for a foul on Aiden McGeady inside the penalty box. Celtic were subsequently awarded a penalty which McGeady himself converted. The second goal of the game was scored by Kris Boyd and was his th goal for Rangers.

A Nacho Novo strike in the first minute of the second half gave Rangers a 1—0 win and completed the domestic double. The following season saw Rangers financial problems continue. A quiet summer in terms of transfer arrivals contrasted to the outgoings. The club removed eleven players who had made first team appearances from the wage bill on permanent and loan deals. On the field, Rangers' Scottish Premier League title defence got off to a stuttering start, three wins in the league was followed by three draws, the first Old Firm victory of the season was followed by poor performances against St Johnstone and dropped points at home to Hibernian.

The side lost their first league match of the season away to Aberdeen on 28 November but then embarked on a six match winning run, scoring 26 goals in the process. At the start of , Rangers sat at the top of the league. The second Old Firm fixture finished in a 1—1 draw. Rangers had a ten-point lead by mid-February. In the domestic cup competitions, Rangers won the League Cup after a 1—0 victory over St Mirren in the final , despite being reduced to nine men with Danny Wilson and Kevin Thomson being sent off.

However, Rangers were unable to retain the Scottish Cup after losing 1—0 to eventual winners Dundee United in a quarter-final replay. A 1—1 away draw in Germany was followed by two consecutive 4—1 defeats at home to Sevilla and Unirea, the latter being regarded as one of the club's worst-ever European results. With financial problems at the club ongoing, summer began for Rangers with several players leaving the club.

With a limited transfer budget and a small squad. Smith had to decide whether to increase the number of playing staff or improve the starting eleven; he opted for quality. Both sides of the Old Firm began the season with eight league wins in a row, however, with the sides meeting on matchday nine something had to give. Rangers claimed a victory over Celtic and took early control of the league.

The cold spell in the winter of —11 saw many postponements and for long spells Rangers were behind Celtic but with games in hand. In the third league meeting between the Old Firm, Celtic came out on top and mathematical lead the table, for the first time that season. However Celtic's advantage was short lived after a loss to Motherwell the following week.

There was to be a final twist in the league season; on 3 May, Celtic lost a rearranged match away to Inverness and so with three matches remaining Rangers had a one-point lead. Smith's side went on to win all three fixtures, scoring 11 goals, and claimed the club's 54th league championship. The match was marked by several incidents, three Rangers players were sent off and Celtic manager Neil Lennon and Ally McCoist were involved in a bust-up.

They drew Manchester United , Valencia and Bursaspor. Rangers were unbeaten in their first three group stage games, with a draw at Old Trafford the only team to keep a clean sheet at Old Trafford in the entire —11 season , a victory over Bursaspor at Ibrox and a draw at home to Valencia. A defeat in Spain to Valencia followed by a loss at home to Manchester United ended Rangers chances of qualifying for the last 16, but third place and a spot in the UEFA Europa League was already secured with Bursaspor having failed to pick up a point in five games.

In the last group match, Rangers drew in Turkey, giving Bursaspor their first Champions League point. On 6 May , it was confirmed that David Murray had sold his controlling interest in the club Smith's deputy and Rangers record goalscorer Ally McCoist was appointed manager of the club for season — With the new ownership there initially appeared to be some financial stability of the club.

A number of first-team regulars were secured on long-term contract extensions including Steven Davis , [88] Allan McGregor , [89] Steven Whittaker [89] and Gregg Wylde. Rangers' first Scottish Premier League match of the season was a home match against Jim Jefferies ' Hearts , where the league flag was unfurled by then chairman Craig Whyte , as Rangers were under considerable pressure for most of the first half but managed to salvage a draw.

The following week, McCoist claimed his first competitive victory as manager with a win over St Johnstone. On 13 February , Rangers filed legal papers at the Court of Session giving notice of their intention to appoint administrators. Ten of the other eleven SPL clubs voted against allowing Rangers to transfer their SPL membership share to a new company on 4 July , leaving the club applying for a place in the Scottish Football League.

On 3 May , Rangers players made history by becoming the first Rangers side in years to go an entire league season unbeaten after a draw with Dunfermline , finishing as Scottish League One champions. Rangers boardroom politics were a fractious force, causing a constant flux with change after change of various directorial positions, rival factions attempting to take control of the company and the emergence of Mike Ashley as the major stakeholder and power broker in late That summer saw continued discontent with various fans groups, alongside Dave King , attempting to influence the board by withdrawing season ticket money.

Ashley's motives for not investing became clear in the following month, namely withholding much needed money from the club in order to undermine the board. A few days later, it came to light that Sandy Easdale had met with several investors that had been introduced to him by Rafat Rizvi, a convicted fraudster wanted by Interpol , [] which led to calls by the Union of Fans for Easdale to resign.

Also David Somers was named executive chairman but on a temporary basis in order to aid the transition. The legal implications of the previous company that owned the club's liquidation featured prevalent in the news in July and November. In the summer, HM Revenue and Customs lost its appeal over the previous club's owners use of Employee Benefit Trusts [] but was granted leave to appeal a month later. On the football front, Rangers league campaign began with a defeat to newly-relegated Hearts with the Edinburgh club scoring an extra minute winner.

The effect of the club's financial issues as underlined by the interim results that November, proved the catalyst for McCoist's departure as he became unhappy with the number of staff losing their jobs at Rangers. The club were bound to forego all shirt sponsorship revenue for the season and subsequent seasons until the loan is repaid. The month of February a large volume of share purchase and Rangers supporters groups are heavily involved. This could have given Rangers a possible advantage in the chase for second place, however, the SPFL performed a U-turn, with all matches being scheduled for early Saturday afternoon [] As it was, the team failed to be automatically promoted to the Premiership, drawing the final two league matches and finishing a disappointing third in the league.

The ticket pricing of these matches attracted controversy. Following a precedent set by Hibernian the previous season, Rangers stated they would allow season ticket holders entry to home matches for free; however, this was rejected by the SPFL. Meanwhile, the police probed the role of Mike Ashley and Sports Direct in the Rangers takeover and searched the companies headquarters. The spectre of the previous board loomed large at the beginning of the season as Police Scotland 's investigation into the sale of Rangers' assets to a consortium led by Charles Green led to arrests and seven indictments.

On 1 September, both Craig Whyte and Green were arrested as part of the inquiry into the "alleged fraudulent acquisition" of Rangers' assets in On 30 October, Rangers announced it was not appropriate to proceed with a share issue and listing on the ISDX market until the criminal proceedings being brought against Charles Green, Imran Ahmed, Craig Whyte and others was concluded. Fireworks night arrived a day early in Govan as 4 November proved to be a contentious day in the history of Rangers. The Court of Session ruled that the use of Employee Benefit Trusts broke tax rules therefore the payments were eligible for tax deductions, [] although an appeal to the Supreme Court was sought less than a month later [] and granted in March The SPFL subsequently imposed this on the new owners of the club as part of the terms of the five way agreement.

Further legal matters occurred a week later, although not directly involving Rangers, as Mike Ashley lodged a challenge to the SFA 's decision to pass King as a fit and proper person by seeking a Judicial review , [] however, the litigation was abandoned in April after his legal team received information about King's finances which the SFA used in their fit and proper deliberations.

The end of November saw the PLC's Annual general meeting , however, prior to this Mike Ashley continued with his ligation against the company and successfully managed to have Resolution 11 withdrawn which would have allowed shareholders to block the voting rights of dual ownership shareholders. On the football front, Rangers appointed its fourteenth permanent manager on 15 June in the shape of Mark Warburton , who agreed a three-year contract.

The start to the season saw Rangers embark on a run of eleven straight victories in all competitions. This left Rangers tied with the Edinburgh club on forty-one points ahead of crucial match between the two during the festive period. Rangers played Hibernian on 28 December at Ibrox , beating Alan Stubbs ' side [] then embarked on an unbeaten run of ten matches, winning nine with only Alloa Athletic managing to get a draw.

The league crown was secured for Rangers on 5 April at Ibrox [] and formed the first part of a brace of trophies within a week. The team qualified for its second Challenge Cup final in the space of three years with the match being played at Hampden Park for the first time in the competition's history. The football department's scouting network was revitalized with the appointment of Frank McParland as the Head of Recruitment. The club's pre-season plans were confirmed in May with the first-team's squad travelling to the United States for a training camp which incorporated a friendly match against United Soccer League side Charleston Battery.

The report highlighted security plans were appropriate and that the Scottish Government should consider criminalising pitch invasions. On 30 August , Rangers and Hibernian were issued with notices of complaint by the Scottish FA's compliance officer in relation to the Scottish Cup final. Rangers managing director Stewart Robertson also disclosed Warburton and Weir were negotiating new contracts, [] with the pair agreeing one-year extensions on 12 July.

The senior side began the season in mid-July as part of the new look League Cup format, [] paired in a group with Motherwell , Annan Athletic , East Stirlingshire and Stranraer. After topping their group [] and strong showings in the two subsequent rounds, [] [] Rangers set up a semi-final against Celtic, [] however, the side lost which ended their participation in the competition. Upon the completion of his suspension, Barton returned to Ibrox for a meeting on 27 October, however, upon its conclusion it emerged that he remained suspended by the club and no party made further comment.

The sides form improved through December, with the team building a four match winning run on the back of a poor defeat to Heart of Midlothian at Tynecastle on 30 November. The January transfer window saw the club released several former youth prospects who had failed to meet expectations, while Warburton brought in two young loanee signings from English Premier League sides in the shape of Emerson Hyndman and Jon Toral from Bournemouth and Arsenal respectively.

However, the lack of any permanent outfield signings drew criticism, as did the performances of the previous summers transfers, with particular focus being placed on the role of Head of Recruitment Frank McParland. On 10 February , manager Warburton, assistant manager David Weir and McParland left Rangers, with the former being replaced by Graeme Murty who was placed in caretaker control of the first-team. The first-team's poor performance in the first half of the season a prominent cause, which crystallised after an embarrassing defeat away to Heart of Midlothian on 1 February [] and an insipid draw at home to Ross County three days later, a match which proved to be Warburtons last game in charge of Rangers.

Graeme Murty's time in charge began with a fourth round Scottish cup win over Greenock Morton , however, league formed remained indifferent his first two league matches ende in away defeats to Dundee [] and Inverness CT. A dramatic 3—2 win of St Johnstone saw Murty register his only league win in his six-game spell as manager with his last two games in charge seeing him set up to a Scottish Cup semi-final against Celtic after a 6—0 win over Hamilton Academical, the team's largest win of the season, before drawing the third league Old Firm match.

On 11 March, Rangers confirmed Pedro Caixinha as the club's sixteenth manager with the Portuguese coach appointed two days later. Away from football, the board instigated court proceedings against four of its former executives and investor Mike Ashley. The case against former chief executives Charles Green and Derek Llambias, former commercial director Imran Ahmad, former financial director Brian Stockbridge and Ashley was brought regarding a loss of income caused by retail deals agreed between the company that owns the club and Sports Direct from to The spectre of Mike Ashley continued to haunt Rangers in the early part of the season.

On Halloween it emerged that Ashley lodged a counter-suit against Rangers, King and director Paul Murray, [] with initial proceedings regarding the case being heard at the High Court of Justice in March Rangers fan groups Rangers Supporters' Trust , Rangers Supporters Assembly and Rangers First merged to form Club in late May, [] and two-weeks later it announced that the new organisation had purchased enough shares to make it the sixth largest shareholder in RIFC.

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History of Rangers F.C.

This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs expansion with: more detail on Symon's tenure - a spell that includes a domestic treble and two European finals the section below on David White's two years in charge is lengthier than the two sections covering Bill Struth and Scott Symon combined!

You can help by adding to it. June Scotland Who's Who: International Players — Pitch Publishing. Rangers F. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 20 August Lawrence dynasty grew from humble beginnings to sow seeds of Rangers' success". Keith Sinclair. The Herald. Retrieved 9 March The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 10 April BBC Sport. Retrieved 6 January Rangers: The Complete Record. Breedon Books. Gary Ralston. Daily Record Glasgow. Retrieved 11 June Mark McDougall. The Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 1 March Evening Times. Bryan Quinn.

Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 1 September Brian Ponsonby. BBC News. Retrieved 19 March Johnston Press. Phil McNulty. Retrieved 4 June David Teather. EPSN Soccernet. Retrieved 23 December London: Guardian. STV Sport. Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 19 July Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 18 December The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 December Archived from the original on 15 April Daily Record.

Archived from the original on 24 August Retrieved 22 February The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March Herald Scotland. Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 26 May Richard Wilson. Chris McLaughlin. Christopher Jack. Evening Times Glasgow. Phil Goodlad. Alasdair Lamont. Tom English. Andrew Southwick. Colin Moffat. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 12 March BBC sport. Rangers Football Club. Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 14 September The Scotsman Edinburgh.

Retrieved 18 May Alan McEwen. Daily Record Scotland. Retrieved 16 November Retrieved 27 November Retrieved 18 March Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 5 February Matt Coyle. STV News. The Herald Glasgow. Archived from the original on 17 October Panathinaikos, Werder Bremen and Fiorentina have been dispatched, along with Sporting since Rangers qualified via their position in the Champions League group stage.

Archived from the original on 25 October Rangers may have been criticised for their cautious approach in European games this season — but Zenit St Petersburg boss Dick Advocaat insists Walter Smith should not change his style of play when the sides clash in the UEFA Cup final. Zenit St Petersburg 0 2 Rangers 0 0 It is not only Scottish fuel stations that have been running on empty recently.

The warning light began flashing on Rangers' tank midway through the second half last night, their exhausting schedule finally catching up with them, allowing a superior and fresher Zenit side to lift the Uefa Cup. Retrieved 21 May CNN World Sport. Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 20 August With the boundless relief and joie de vivre of a man who has been reprieved on the steps of the gallows and installed in a palace, Rangers produced a climactic performance to snatch their first championship since at sun-drenched Tannadice.

Rangers completed the second stage of their Scottish league and cup double in the baking heat of Hampden Park on Saturday thanks to a glorious goal from Nacho Novo, with his first touch of the ball only seconds after arriving as a half-time substitute for Kris Boyd. But the favourites were made to sweat throughout — and not simply because of the sweltering conditions. Archived from the original on 25 March It would, of course, be churlish not to recognise the winning mentality of a team who have lost just a single domestic fixture since Celtic lifted this trophy at their expense a year ago.

Yet this win arrived in the most unlikely of circumstances, sealing the League Cup despite being down to nine men. Rangers manager Walter Smith described the Co-operative Insurance Cup final win over Celtic as one of his "best ever" victories. Smith, coming to the end of his second spell in charge at Ibrox, clinched a 20th trophy as Rangers boss after the 2—1 extra-time win at Hampden. Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 16 May Rangers gave departing manager Walter Smith the perfect send-off as they wrapped up a third-consecutive Scottish Premier League title in style.

A blistering opening saw Kyle Lafferty net twice inside seven minutes, either side of a Steven Naismith strike. Early in the second half, Nikica Jelavic smashed in a free kick and Lafferty completed his hat-trick with a composed finish. Rangers' Champions League hopes were shattered as they crashed out of the competition at the hands of Malmo after being reduced to nine men in the qualifier in Sweden.

Rangers exited the Europa League as Maribor claimed an aggregate victory to progress to the group stages. Archived from the original on 14 June Manager Ally McCoist believes his Rangers players have only themselves to blame for their shock League Cup defeat by a very youthful Falkirk line-up. Retrieved 12 April Rangers have been deducted 10 points after entering administration. Archived from the original on 15 November Reigning champions Rangers prevented the Scottish title being won on their own patch despite a dramatic late rally from nine-man runaway leaders Celtic.

UK Government. Retrieved 22 December Duff and Phelps. Archived from the original pdf on 27 August Retrieved 31 August Scottish Professional Football League. Archived from the original pdf on 19 December Retrieved 25 November On 14 June a newly incorporated company, Sevco Scotland Limited, purchased substantially all the business and assets of Oldco, including Rangers FC, by entering into an asset sale and purchase agreement with the joint administrators. BBC Scotland has learned that 10 of the 12 clubs were in opposition, with Kilmarnock abstaining and Rangers voting in favour.

Archived from the original on 2 August Retrieved 30 July The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 7 December Rangers manager Ally McCoist paid tribute to the troubled club's fans after 49, packed into Ibrox to watch Saturday's 5—1 thrashing of East Stirling, a world record attendance for fourth-tier football. Retrieved 22 August Archived from the original on 16 November Rangers suffered a shock first loss in the Third Division after crashing to defeat against bottom side Stirling Albion. Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 18 September Rangers made a shock exit in the Ramsdens Cup after a penalty shoot-out defeat by Queen of the South at Ibrox.

Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 4 November Inverness Caledonian Thistle advanced to the semi-finals of the Scottish Communities League Cup for the first time with an ultimately comfortable defeat of Rangers. Archived from the original on 20 April Sky Sports. Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 11 February Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 12 March Danbury Mint. Retrieved 21 January The earliest badge featured the celebrated RFC scroll crest believed to have been used since Finally, see the evolution into the current badge, with the famous blue, white and red colours.

Archived from the original on 23 January Although the 'RFC' Scroll Crest was omitted in it made a welcome return in when it was placed on the club's home jersey for the very first time. It was later added to the shorts a decade later for the start of the —79 season. Gersnet Online. From to 'Rangers Football Club' and the 'Ready' motto were placed above and below the Crest respectively. Having clinched their 50th League Championship, a year in which Rangers secured a domestic Treble, the Club decided to add five stars above the Scoll Crest, one for every ten titles won.

Historical Football Kits. Dave Moor. Archived from the original on 24 June Archived from the original on 13 September Retrieved 12 July True Colours. Archived from the original on 29 June Rangers have actually sported the Center Parcs logo during the course of two seasons.

It was first worn in the —97 Champions League match at Auxerre that the French side won 2—1. The Mirror. This Money. Archived from the original on 14 February Retrieved 16 September Archived from the original on 29 March STV Sport. Archived from the original on 7 October Archived from the original on 15 April Global Friends of Scotland. Scottish Government. June Archived from the original on 4 October Scotland's contributions to the development of the game were equally impressive in other areas.

Glaswegian born architect Archibald Leitch was the pioneering football stadium designer of his day — by the s 16 out of 22 of England's First Division stadiums were Leitch designs. The most famous example of his work still in existence is probably Ibrox. This would undoubtedly please Leitch, who was a devout Rangers fan. Archived from the original on 27 January The plans, one of three options being considered by the club, could see the stadium in Glasgow completely rebuilt with a new capacity of 70, Rangers would retain the Bill Struth main stand, which is designated as a Category B listed building.

Ibrox currently holds 51, fans, behind Hampden Park and Celtic Park. Retrieved 4 January Ally McCoist, the manager, normally leaves Sinclair and his staff to choose the youngsters but sometimes will stipulate who he and the first-team staff want. If they were round there [first-team pitches] once every six months, it would be a trial but it is a regular process.

Random House. Archived from the original on 11 September Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on 6 October There are more than registered supporters clubs with over 30, registered members and these continue to grow, in keeping with the vision the club initially had. Archived from the original on 17 November It includes representatives from all over the globe — including North America, Australasia and the Middle East — as well as closer to home in the United Kingdom. There are also clubs registered in far-flung locations such as Azerbaijan, Nigeria, Hong Kong and Peru.

End to End Stuff. BBC Manchester. Archived from the original on 25 September It was always going to put a massive strain on the city. But the chief executive at Rangers, Martin Bain, insists there will be no repeat of the scenes of crowd misbehaviour which marred the club's last visit to Manchester. Some , Rangers fans descended on the city for the Uefa Cup final in and trouble started when a giant screen failed to work.

Archived from the original on 14 January GMP would like to stress that the vast majority of supporters have behaved impeccably and came to Manchester clearly intent on enjoying the carnival atmosphere. Archived from the original on 27 July A full inquiry was under way today after Rangers fans clashed with riot police in Manchester last night after their team's defeat by Zenit St Petersburg in the Uefa Cup final.

A number of supporters clashed with riot police after a big screen in Manchester broke down. Officers later confirmed 42 people had been arrested. Archived from the original on 20 March Police in Manchester have released CCTV images showing up to football fans chasing officers and attacking one of them after the Uefa Cup final. Harper Collins. On Old Firm weekends, admission rates for local hospitals increase ninefold, and the cumulative total for arrests at Old Firm games is the highest in the world.

Archived from the original on 21 October Dons supporters chant 'We hate Rangers more than you' when they play Celtic and a lot of this can be traced back to a challenge made by Neil Simpson on Ian Durrant in that kept the Rangers midfielder out of the game for nearly three years. Archived from the original on 8 November Retrieved 28 January Archived from the original on 9 July The catalyst for the recent venom between the two sets of supporters was the incident involving Neil Simpson and Iain Durrant. Manchester during the Uefa Cup Final felt more like a war zone".

Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 14 October It might equally be argued that their hosting of Queen's Park in the Third Division on Saturday is the newest Glasgow derby. Although the teams last met in a League Cup tie 21 years ago and regularly jousted in the Glasgow Cup in the two decades before that, there has not been a league meeting since , the year Queen's Park last played top-flight football.

The fact the confrontation has returned to the calendar in a wholly different form was best encapsulated by Rangers ambassador Sandy Jardine. Archived from the original on 16 October Queen's Park and Rangers, two teams that first met competitively in a Scottish Cup tie in March , some nine years before Celtic were formed, meet in an Irn-Bru Third division encounter at Ibrox.

Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 16 January Fear and loathing in world football. Berg Publishers. Retrieved 15 August Primrose with associated with the most virulent anti-Catholic and anti-Irish sentiment, and was openly allied with the orange order. John Donald Publishers. Football: A Sociology of the Global Game. Historically Rangers have maintained a staunch Protestant and anti-Catholic tradition which includes a ban on signing Catholic players. Manchester University Press ND.

The conflict in Ireland failed to be the catalyst which swept the religious cobwebs from the Ibrox-based club's terraces and boardroom. One of its managers even had no qualms in the s about urging his players to roar out the loyalist battle-cry 'No Surrender' as they ran up the tunnel at Ibrox. Graeme Souness: A Manager's Diary. Mainstream Publishing. For years Rangers have been pilloried for what the majority of people saw as discrimination against one section of the population.

Now we have shown that this unwritten policy at Ibrox is over. It's finished. Done with. Rangers yesterday paraded their latest, and most controversial signing, Maurice Johnston, in the process demolishing any remaining they were sectarian, and upstaging their arch-rivals Celtic. Football Against the Enemy. New Statesman. In the past 15 years, both clubs have tried to stamp out bigotry, largely for pragmatic reasons. The IRA guff puts off sponsors and when the market in foreign footballers opened up in the s, the old prohibition on signing Catholics became irksome for Rangers.

Many of the foreign players who have since come to Glasgow must have struggled to remember whether they were playing for the Protestant team or the Catholic one. THE Scottish Premier League has confirmed it has received the match delegate's report from the Old Firm derby but refused to divulge if alleged sectarian chanting from Rangers fans was mentioned within it. Education and prevention is what we are really looking at and Scotland is a great example of somewhere where that has done a tremendous amount in practically eradicating the worst features of discrimination.

The Times. Empower-Sport British Supplement. Archived from the original on 15 August And the SFA joins in that praise. Archived from the original on 24 January The Faculty of Advocates is to investigate complaints against the leading Scottish lawyer Donald Findlay QC after he was captured on camera singing sectarian songs.

Archived from the original on 16 December Findlay, Scotland's leading criminal lawyer, is a Protestant and proud of it. But he was embarrassed to be caught on video singing sectarian songs. BBC Press Office. Donald Findlay QC tells John Humphrys about the effect singing sectarian, anti-Catholic songs at a party for Glasgow Rangers had on his life, and how he, at one stage, even contemplated suicide.

UEFA appealed against the decision on 12 April by the Control and Disciplinary Body to find Rangers not guilty of alleged discriminatory chants by the club's supporters at both legs of the tie, on 22 February at Ibrox and 7 March at El Madrigal. Rangers are to face a Uefa disciplinary hearing over allegations of sectarian singing during last month's Europa Lague match away to PSV Eindhoven. The club's chief executive Martin Bain says they are "utterly dismayed" by the decision and that they will defend the club's position "vigorously". Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 28 April Vice News.

Archived from the original on 10 September Rangers football club, on track for its 49th Scottish premier league title, announced plans yesterday to float the business on the stock market and disclosed that talks are under way with a number of potential media investors. Archived from the original on 27 April Rangers Football Club has confirmed it has filed legal papers at the Court of Session to appoint administrators. Retrieved 13 September Archived from the original on 1 December Finance and Tax Tribunals. Archived PDF from the original on 24 January Retrieved 27 November Archived from the original on 16 January Archived from the original on 22 July STV Glasgow.

Archived from the original on 17 June Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original on 23 December And Green, who bought Rangers' assets after the company that formerly ran the club could not be saved from liquidation, believes the decision to sell tickets directly to visiting fans could spark trouble at the match. Retrieved 29 January The three-man commission will decide if the company that formerly ran Rangers broke Scottish Premier League rules. The probe was launched before the company that ran Rangers — The Rangers Football Club Plc — was consigned to liquidation.

The consortium now running the club, led by chief executive Charles Green, has refused to recognise or co-operate with the investigation. STV News. The Ibrox club confirmed its planned company voluntary arrangement CVA escape from administration would now fail as the tax authorities revealed they felt it was in the "public interest" to liquidate Rangers FC plc, incorporated in Retrieved 18 December Scottish Premier League.

Archived from the original PDF on 19 March Rangers thrown down to third division after clubs vote against stricken club". Retrieved 14 September On a historic day for the national game, 25 out of the 30 lower-league clubs ruled that the fallen Ibrox giants should start life in the bottom tier and not in the First Division.

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Archived from the original on 11 August But the 'newco' did not get the required votes for re-admittance to the SPL and instead, Rangers were relaunched in Division Three, drawing 2—2 with Peterhead in their opening game. Archived from the original on 28 August Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 13 May Rangers Charity Foundation. Scottish Football Partnership. Edinburgh: Johnston Press. Retrieved 21 April Culture Northern Ireland.

The Daily Record. Great Sporting Rivals Large Print 16pt. Retrieved 25 December Rangers: The Complete Record. Breedon Books. Glasgow Rangers: Player by Player. The Crowood Press. The Encyclopedia of Scottish Football. Sky Sports Football Yearbook — Archived from the original on 5 August Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 30 January Archived from the original on 26 May Rangers have confirmed for the first time that Ally McCoist will take over as manager when Walter Smith steps down at the end of the season.

Archived from the original on 28 April The club's reserve-team coach, Ian Durrant, will take charge of training on Friday ahead of the club's next match, a Tennent's Scottish Cup tie, against Dunfermline Athletic on Sunday. Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 13 March The official Rangers FC Website. Archived from the original on 11 October Armstrong, Gary; Giulianotti, Richard Barnes, Stuart HarperCollins UK. Ferrier, Bob; McElroy, Robert Crowood Press. Gallagher, Tom Giulianotti, Richard Kuper, Simon Murray, William J.

Potter, David; Jones, Phil Rollin, Glenda; Rollin, Jack 4 August Romanos, Joseph Scott, Les Smith, Paul Souness, Graeme; Gallacher, Ken Archived from the original on 15 January May Retrieved 14 May August Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 24 September Club Rangers Football Club.

Rangers Training Centre. Old Firm Aberdeen rivalry. Rangers TV. League Cup Challenge Cup. Berwick Rangers East Stirlingshire. Scottish Premier League — Scottish Football League — Clubs Stadia Yearly awards Monthly awards Representative team. Founding members of the ECA. The City of Glasgow. Clyde F. Queen's Park F. Third Lanark A. Football in Glasgow.

Drumchapel Amateurs Glasgow University. Teams in italics are no longer based in, or do not currently play home games in, Glasgow. Categories : Rangers F. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Rangers Football Club Ltd [1].

Dave King. Scottish Premiership , 2nd of Club website. Current season. Diadora []. Umbro [] []. Puma [] []. Hummel []. CR Smith [] []. McEwan's Lager [] []. NTL [] []. Carling []. Tennent's [] []. Blackthorn []. Utilita []. Highest scoring match 14—2 vs Whitehill, 29 September [] 14—2 vs Blairgowrie, 20 January [] [] [] Record league victory 10—0 vs Hibernian , 24 December [9] [] [] World record league titles won 54 [] World record trebles won 7 [] World record trophies won Record appearances Dougie Gray , appearances, — [] Most league appearances Sandy Archibald , appearances, — [] Record goalscorer Jimmy Smith , goals, — [].

Position Player 1. Allan McGregor. James Tavernier captain. Graham Dorrans. Connor Goldson vice-captain. Jamie Murphy. Jermain Defoe on loan from Bournemouth. Wes Foderingham.

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Alfredo Morelos. Daniel Candeias. Position Player Glenn Middleton. George Edmundson. Jordan Jones. Sheyi Ojo on loan from Liverpool. Jordan Rossiter. Eduardo Herrera. Greg Stewart. Ross McCrorie on loan at Portsmouth until 31 May Douglas Park. James Blair. John Bennett. Alastair Johnston. Graeme Park. Barry Scott. Julian Wolhardt. Stewart Robertson. Andrew Dickson. Steven Gerrard. Gary McAllister. Michael Beale. Tom Culshaw. Colin Stewart. Mark Allen. Andy Scoulding. Rob Clarkson. Steve Doyle. Billy Kirkwood. Bradley Wall. Jordan Milsom. Craig Flannigan. Paraskevas Polychronopoulos.

Ross Harvie. David Lavery. Steve Walker. Dr Mark Waller. Jimmy Bell. John Greig []. James Bisgrove []. Greg Marshall []. Bill Struth. Scott Symon. David White. William Waddell. Jock Wallace. John Greig. Graeme Souness. Walter Smith. Alex McLeish. Paul Le Guen. Ally McCoist.

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Mark Warburton. Pedro Caixinha. Graeme Murty. David Mitchell. John McPherson. Robert Hamilton. Robert Campbell. Tommy Cairns. Bert Manderson. Tommy Muirhead. David Meiklejohn. Jimmy Simpson.

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The Official Biography of Rangers The Official Biography of Rangers
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