Joe joined the programmes team in July , and is responsible for a range of projects. Joe also spent time in the classroom as a Secondary History Teacher in Birmingham. Amy joined the programmes team in January , and is responsible for a range of projects. Prior to this she has been a Programme Manager for a charity called First Give, running a social action and skills development programme in schools, and worked for ARK schools managing their KS5 vocational programmes.
She was also a maths teacher in Yorkshire and London. Amy is a co-opted governor at a secondary school in Camden. Prior to this she worked at charity think tank and consultancy, New Philanthropy Capital, where she advised charities on the best approaches to measuring the outcomes of the work they do. Triin Edovald , Head of International Evaluation.
Prior to this she worked at NatCen Social Research as Head of Evaluation responsible for the team designing and delivering impact evaluations. Before that, she worked at the National Academy for Parenting Research at King's College London, where she assessed the quality and effectiveness of parenting programmes.
Her published work includes Running randomised controlled trials in innovation, entrepreneurship and growth: An Introductory Guide After moving to London, he also worked as a Consultant for the Lambeth Council assessing a large-scale social programme. His published work focuses on economics, politics, and political economy.
She has over 20 years' teaching and curriculum development experience, including six years as a university academic. She has led interventions and other research projects with thousands of students and teachers, focusing on increasing engagement and attainment. More recently, she led the research and data functions of the Equality Challenge Unit and she developed a large-scale research, monitoring and evaluation programme for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to measure the impact and return on investment of the global Chevening scholarship scheme.
30 Most Controversial Education Practices in U. S. History
Florentina has a PhD in the psychology of learning and teaching foreign languages. Over the past seven years, she gained extensive experience designing and implementing experimental studies of social development with children in kindergartens and schools. She has worked as a lecturer at the University of Vienna, a tutor in Leipzig and did volunteer work for a German organisation supporting social and educational programs for youth development in Europe.
Jennifer Stevenson , Evaluation Manager. Prior to this, Jennifer worked at the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation 3ie for six years in their synthesis and reviews team, where she managed and undertook reviews and evidence maps on primary and secondary education interventions, climate change and transparency and accountability in government in low-and middle income countries. She has done work on improving the policy relevance, methodological quality and timeliness of systematic reviews and meta-analysis.
His work for the EEF explores how different methodological approaches influence education evaluations. He holds degrees in statistics, history, education and economics. Rob joined the EEF in February to support the development of new approaches to running evaluations of teacher practices whose results will be both rigorous and relevant, as well as providing technical expertise.
He was previously Professor of Education and Director of the Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring at Durham University, where he worked for 20 years doing research, evaluation, teaching and policy engagement. Rob is particularly interested in the uses of research by teachers and school leaders and how it can be integrated into everyday pedagogy and school-level decision-making. He has been a member of numerous advisory groups on assessment, evaluation and use of evidence.
Jonathan joined the EEF in April Maisie joined the EEF in November Prior to the EEF, Maisie worked across the private and charity sectors in organisations including KPMG, the Sutton Trust and the Institute of Physics in roles focused on increasing social mobility through education and access and progression within the professions.
Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers
Prior to joining EEF in June , he worked at Action for Children supporting their strategic partnership in early years with the Department for Education. Amy manages the end-to-end process for the production of guidance reports and the delivery of implementation plans based on the reports, ensuring that reports are accessible and that their recommendations have impact.
Amy joined the EEF in April She has previously worked in the publishing industry, managing a portfolio of academic journals, and in an editorial capacity in the charity sector at the Royal Society for Public Health and the Anna Freud Centre. The team's work includes all aspects of schools-facing work at the EEF, with a particular focus on supporting teachers to use the full range of evidence reviews, Guidance Reports and Toolkits available to underpin school improvement activity.
- Cançó de mar 1. El despertar (L illa del temps) (Catalan Edition).
- Evidence summaries;
- 30 Most Controversial Education Practices in U. S. History – Top Education Degrees.
Professor Jonathan Sharples , Senior Researcher. He has previously worked at The Institute for the Future of the Mind, at Oxford University, and as a secondary school science teacher in Sydney. Setting Limits in the Classroom, 3rd Edition. Robert J. The Teaching Gap. James W. Wise Up and Be the Solution. James L. The Behavior Code Companion. Jessica Minahan.
Sue Cowley. Resource Management for School Administrators. Daniel R. Real Classroom Makeovers.
- Tratado sobre Hormigón (Spanish Edition).
- Reward Yourself.
- La dernière femme de Barbe-Bleue (Littérature Française) (French Edition).
Rebecca Isbell. Discipline without Anger. Doug Campbell.
Part 1: Education reform and frontline administrators: A case study from Bihar
Head of the Class. Phi Delta Kappa International. Using Cognitive Methods in the Classroom. Adrian F. The Teacher's Sourcebook for Cooperative Learning. George M. Class Warfare. William L. Childcare, Choice and Class Practices. Carol Vincent. How wide a role does a public school play in the social and moral guidance of its students?
What are the ethical implications of subjecting a student to emotional discomfort for the sake of instilling personal and social principles? According to the National Center for Education Statistics, about 1. While there is no legal obstacle to the right to homeschool, many states implement individual requirements for instructor qualifications or educational standards.
For many engaged in a debate about homeschooling, however, the controversy stems from a belief that homeschooling may be academically inadequate, isolating, or a cover for abuse. While proponents of traditional education, such as the National Education Association NEA warn of the negative effects and expense of homeschooling, defendants of the practice continue to extol its flexibility and child-centered merits.
Proponents of bilingual education in the U. Bilingual instruction in the U. While some of the controversy surrounding bilingual education is political, with opponents protesting the use of state funds to hire specialized teachers and designation of the school day disproportionately to language, often the most vehement challenges are ideological, and stem from a desire to maintain a singular national identity based on language. Although the number of schools that supplied condoms was relatively small—in , about 2.
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Primary objections came from parents and educators who worried that providing condoms would encourage young people to become sexually active, and suggested that sexual education was outside the scope of public school responsibility. Policies were somewhat more defined in , with limited, regulated condom distribution at a greater number of schools. The controversy remains, however: does handing out condoms encourage sexual activity, or prevent disease and pregnancy among a vulnerable demographic? Is sex ed a school responsibility or the realm of the parents only? Whether a question of morality or practicality, condom distribution in schools continues to be controversial.
Although many schools have chosen to provide knowledge for sexual health and to supply condoms to students, they are outnumbered by the schools which teach that abstinence until marriage is the only option for sexual, physical, and mental health. Supporters of this educational perspective claim that its value lies in its promotion of healthy personal choices and school-based moral guidance; teaching students how to practice safe sex is tantamount to condoning teenage sexual activity. Opponents, however, argue that while abstinence is ideal, it is not realistic, and it is irresponsible for a school to avoid teaching students how to protect themselves from pregnancy and infections.
Moreover, abstinence-only policies implicitly present a heterosexual ideal which excludes students who are GLBTQ, or those who do not plan to marry, but who need information about sexual health. Using animals for scientific experimentation is an ongoing ethical debate, and animal dissection in school classrooms is a particularly controversial issue. Dissection choice laws, which require schools to obtain parental consent before engaging in dissection or animal experimentation with students, generally apply to all grades below college, and vary by state.
Objections to dissection practices include the unwillingness to objectify or subject animals to possible pain, as well as whether scientific demonstration on animals is necessary and appropriate in a school setting. Despite the ongoing controversy, most schools continue to support dissection as an important learning tool, while offering students alternative participation options. Board of Education, which ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, provoked controversy, often in the form of violent protests and mob riots.
The decades following brought significant resistance to the ruling, from physical attacks on black students to refusal to comply with desegregation policies, but through persistent effort, including federal prohibition against discrimination, state court enforcement, cross-neighborhood busing and magnet schools, racial integration in schools became more accepted and widespread.
A study done by the Harvard Civil Rights project reported that students in U. As the educational system in the U. In at the University of Iowa, psychology professor Wendell Johnson was working on a research project which theorized that the act of stuttering was not an effect of biology, as medically assumed, but was rather learned behavior which could be lessened or eliminated completely. He and a graduate student, Mary Tudor, embarked upon an experiment with 22 children from a nearby orphanage to determine whether a child with a stutter could be convinced to abandon it, and conversely, whether a normal speaker could be induced to acquire a stutter.
The children were separated into four groups: 1A, stutterers who were told that there was nothing wrong with their speech; 1B, stutterers who were assured that they did stutter, 11A, normal speakers who were told that there were major problems with their speech, and 11B, normal speakers who were reassured that their speech was fine. Those children became anxious, withdrawn, and unwilling to speak because of the fear that they were speaking incorrectly.
Formerly outgoing, sociable children refused to speak in class or engage with friends because they doubted their ability to communicate and worried about embarrassing themselves. Although the study remained relatively unknown and unpublished until , when the San Jose Mercury News published a series of articles, prompting a public apology by the University of Iowa, the negative emotional and behavioral effects on the surviving members of the experiment persist.
In traditional education, classrooms are conceived as spaces in which students absorb instructor knowledge and lessons, while homework is the individual tasks completed by students on their own which reinforces the concepts taught in the classroom. Flip teaching, as it is often called, requires instructors to prepare online video lessons and lectures and use class time to answer student questions and assist in execution of practical work.
It requires a teacher to check in with every student every day, as opposed to a lecture classroom, which tends to address only the questions of the most vocal students. Like any deviation from conventional classroom instruction methods, flipped schools have met with opposition from those who object to the expectation that every student has online access, to the complete reliance on technology, and who question the reality of implementing such significant educational change.
Successfully flipped schools like Clintondale High School in Michigan, however, cite its drastically improved graduation rates and decreased levels of drop-outs and failure by subject as proof of its educational merit. The United States has no federal policy on corporal punishment in schools. Between , 31 states and the District of Colombia banned corporal punishment in public schools, although in most cases private schools are not subject to that law.
Many schools, particularly those in southern states, uphold spanking or paddling as a quick, effective way to correct errant behavior without resorting to detention or suspension, which require time and resources. Opponents argue that corporal punishment is, at best, physically inappropriate and at worst, traumatic, abusive, and disproportionately applied to boys, minority students, and students with disabilities.
Although 17, Common Core Standards, will challenge instructors and students to alter their academic performance and adjust teaching and learning styles to meet the requirements of new educational criteria in years to come, high stakes testing is somewhat different. Furthermore, pressure to meet goals and incentives to compete with neighboring states tempts administration and teachers to falsify test results or assist students in cheating, as in the case of a school in Norristown, Georgia, whose superintendent and 34 subordinates were arrested in for fraudulently tampering with administration of a standardized test.
In the late s, a cache of photos was discovered in a storage room at Yale University. The photos, dating back to , depicted naked male college students with metal pins affixed to their spines from the front, side, and rear views. While the photos were immediately shredded and burned, stories about their existence continued to circulate until the s, when writer Naomi Wolf a Yale graduate referenced the photos, prompting a response from Yale art history professor George Hersey, and an eventual New York Times investigation.
The story unfolds: ostensibly in the name of hygiene, undergraduates were instructed to report to health personnel who would glue metal pins to their spines and photograph them nude so that the school could assess and monitor posture. Whether these photos are evidence of some vast eugenic experiment designed to create a desirable Ivy League race is unknown; what is certain is that the practice invaded personal privacy and represented the failure of schools to protect their students from fashionable theory masquerading as science. Without a doubt, teachers are dedicated professionals.
Focused hours in and outside of the classroom, modest pay, and required adaptation to fluctuating state standards suggest that those who teach are there to work hard to instruct, support, and intellectually equip their students. But after years of teaching the same lessons, or of attempting to reach students whose frame of reference lies outside of a traditional curriculum, it is probably not surprising that a few teachers have crossed the boundary between creative instructional example and inappropriate method.
In , in a math course designed for inmates at the Arkansas Department of Correction, a math teacher was chastised for using drug references as part of his introductory math class, including incorporating the formula for producing methadone into a word problem, and using grams of cocaine as units of measurements in problem sets.
Although in most cases used by teachers whose intent was to reach out to or entertain their students, and therefore spark an interest in math, these examples have generally been deemed deviant and inappropriate, and have often resulted in discipline of the teacher. The Common Core Standards, a set of guidelines for k students to ensure college and career readiness in English and math, was established by representatives from each state, along a with national education committee.
Because of its national scope and political effect, this educational proposal has been particularly controversial. Lawmakers, taxpayers, educators and parents have come out either in favor of a standard of education which will ensure that all U. Many who question the Common Core simply request information and clarification, and rightly so, since much of the controversy stems from inaccurate representation of these guidelines by politically-affiliated media. Whether the Common Core is viewed as a federal intrusion on state-run education, or a way for the U.
In February , New York Governor Andrew Cuomo proposed legislation which would dedicate state funding to the implementation of college courses in state prisons. The goal, cites Cuomo and other supporters of the plan, is to offer inmates opportunities to further their education while incarcerated, thus increasing their chances of securing a job after completing their prison sentences. Despite the potential for money saved with decreased recidivism, opponents of the bill object to the use of taxpayer funds to subsidize the education of someone who has broken the law.
Creationism was almost universally taught in U. In , the Supreme Court ruled that teaching creationism violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, which ensures that the U. In contemporary public schools, only science which is not based on a religious view may be taught; a teacher may refer to creationism as an idea, but cannot uphold it as scientific theory, or present it as an alternative to evolution.
Religious Christian groups argue that teaching creationism often called creation science or intelligent design presents an alternative which allows students to evaluate scientific theory for themselves, and that evolution is inaccurate and might be misleading, while others express concern that students taught creationism would be unprepared for careers in science in a world which assumes evolutionary origins. While the Supreme Court ruling is clear, events like the Texas textbook controversy suggest that the debate is far from over.
As a public oath to the nation of the United States and to its flag, the Pledge of Allegiance is routinely taken in public schools across the country. Although in the Supreme Court ruled that no school could force a student to stand or recite the Pledge, critics of the practice object to its presence in a public school, citing a violation of the constitutional right to freedom of religion, and insist that even an opt-out policy subjects students to discrimination or embarrassment if they choose not to participate while their peers are reciting. Parents of children with communicative disabilities, including pre-verbal and non-verbal children, as well as those on the autism spectrum, have long sought ways in which to verbally interact or better understand the thoughts and feelings of their children.
These pursued relationships have led parents and teachers to develop alternate means of communication, and while means such as unaided communication systems which rely on body language, and aided communication systems, which make use of tools such as speech generating devices, have proved successful, two theories—rapid prompting and facilitated communication—have been particularly controversial.
Related Grant Writing for Educators: Practical Strategies for Teachers, Administrators, and Staff (Solutions)
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