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Skaldic Project Smith, Mahlon H. Statistical Division United States. Department of Commerce United States. Department of Energy. Department of State United States.
Department of History University of Auckland. Library University of Chicago. Oriental Institute University of Cincinnati. Institute of Historical Research University of London. Royal Holloway University of London.
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The CBSA uses a number of automated advance information sources from carriers and importers to identify people, goods and conveyances that may pose a threat to Canada. Advance Passenger Information and Advance Commercial Information provide the CBSA with electronic pre-arrival information on people and goods that can be used to perform risk assessments in advance of their arrival in Canada. Known threats are identified when there is a match against an enforcement database entry. People and goods that are identified as posing a threat to Canada are referred for verification and examination upon their arrival at a port of entry.
The CBSA is responsible for ensuring that there are no security concerns related to the individual seeking entry to Canada e. This program is also responsible for determining the admissibility of senior diplomats being posted to Ottawa to ensure that they meet the admissibility requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. Through the Secure and Trusted Partnerships program, the CBSA works closely with clients, other government departments and international border management partners to enhance trade chain and traveller security while providing pre-approved, low-risk travellers and traders with streamlined and efficient border processes.
The CBSA develops and administers programs and cooperative agreements with its partners to ensure alignment with international standards e. By increasing membership in trusted traveller and trader programs, the CBSA is able to improve its capacity to mitigate risk in advance and focus examination efforts on identifying travellers and traders of unknown or higher risk.
The Trusted Traveller Programs are designed to simplify the border clearance process for pre-approved, low-risk travellers entering Canada. These programs streamline expedite and simplify border clearance. Customs and Border Protection in the air, land and marine modes of transportation, while CANPASS is a Canadian suite of programs for clients entering Canada by plane, corporate and private aircrafts and private boats.
Applicants to the programs must pass various assessments e. The Trusted Trader Program simplifies many of the border requirements for pre-approved, low-risk participants so that shipments can be processed more quickly and efficiently at the border. Importers approved under the Customs Self Assessment CSA benefit from a streamlined accounting and payment process as well as an expedited clearance option for qualified goods. Members of the Partners in Protection PIP program benefit from enhanced supply chain security as well as lowered examination rates. Customs and Border Protection.
To become a member of the Trusted Trader programs, applicants must undergo an in-depth risk assessment. Once granted membership, CSA importers can use their own business systems and processes to forward trade data to the CBSA and remit payment of duties and taxes through their own financial institutions. In addition, CSA importers can also apply for trade compliance benefits which allow approved importers the flexibility to completely self-assess and audit their revenue reporting and trade requirements.
Through the Admissibility Determination program, the CBSA develops, maintains and administers the policies, regulations, procedures and partnerships that enable border services officers to intercept people and goods that are inadmissible to Canada and to process legitimate people and goods seeking entry into Canada within established service standards. In addition, the Agency develops, maintains and administers the policies, regulations, procedures and partnerships to control the export of goods from Canada. In the traveller stream, border services officers question people upon arrival to determine if they and their personal goods meet the requirements of applicable legislation and regulations to enter Canada.
Border services officers will then make a decision to grant entry or refer a person for further processing e. In the commercial stream, carriers and importers are required to provide information to the CBSA at or prior to arrival in Canada. Upon further examination goods may be seized or penalties imposed. With some exceptions, stemming from the policies and legislative requirements of some of our partner departments and agencies, all goods being exported from Canada must be reported "in writing" to the CBSA.
The Highway Program identifies and intercepts people and goods that are inadmissible to Canada seeking entry at designated land ports of entry while ensuring that legitimate people and goods are processed within established service standards. Border services officers conduct interviews of persons and drivers of commercial carriers and then make a decision to allow the entry of a person or shipment or refer them for further processing e.
In the commercial stream, importers are required to account for their goods, and carriers and exporters are required to report their goods. Examinations may be performed with the use of specialized tools e. The Air Program identifies and intercepts people and goods that are inadmissible to Canada seeking entry at designated airports while ensuring that legitimate people and goods are processed within established service standards.
Upon arrival, border services officers conduct interviews of persons seeking entry into Canada, aided by electronic pre-arrival risk-assessment information submitted by the airlines. CBSA officers make a decision to admit the person or refer them for further processing e. For private and corporate aircraft and general aviation traffic reporting through the Telephone Reporting Centre, various checks are conducted by means of the telephone reporting system.
Border services officers make a decision to admit people or refer them for further processing or examination. More specifically, air carriers are required to submit electronic pre-arrival information related to their goods for import. Those goods meeting the requirements of border-related legislation are released at the airport or at a designated sufferance warehouse, while those goods identified as potentially being inadmissible are held for an examination.
To assist border services officers in their examinations, detection tools such as detector dogs and ION scanners may be utilized. The Rail Program identifies and intercepts people and goods that are inadmissible to Canada seeking entry at a rail port of entry or rail yard while ensuring that legitimate people and goods are processed within established service standards. Border services officers may conduct onboard interviews of travellers seeking entry into Canada upon arrival at the border to determine their admissibility or whether further processing e.
The Marine Program identifies and intercepts people and goods that are inadmissible to Canada seeking entry at a marine port of entry, while ensuring that legitimate people and goods are processed within established service standards. Prior to arrival in the traveller stream, border services officers receive information regarding the passengers and crew aboard cruise ships, ferries, tour boats, private small vessels in the Trusted Traveller Program and commercial vessels. For those private vessels reporting through the Telephone Reporting Centre, various checks are conducted by means of the telephone reporting system.
In the commercial stream, importers are required to account for their goods. Carriers and exporters are required to report their goods: marine carriers are required to submit advance electronic information for imports and have the option for exports. To assist border services officers in their examinations, detection tools such as Remote Operated Vehicles and Vehicle and Cargo Inspection System are used. One hundred percent of marine containers in major ports are scanned for the presence of radiological material using radiation portals. Border services officers' conduct an inspection of international mail items to determine whether further processing e.
To assist border services officers in their examinations, detection tools such as X-ray, and detector dogs may be used.
Related Tracks Directory Volume Seven: Law, Government and Administration (Work Bank Data-Base Book 7)
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