Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)


Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) book. Happy reading Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Pocket Guide.
Search form

New York: Wiley. Google Scholar. Baars, B. Output editing for lexical status in artifically elicited slips of the tongue. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 14, — Berg, T. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Braunschweig. Language and Communication, 6, — On error detection and correction. Butterworth, B. Speech errors: old data in search of new theories.

Linguistics, 19, — Dell, G. Slips of the mind. Paradis Ed. Columbia, S. Phonological and lexical encoding in speech production: An analysis of naturally occurring and experimentally elicited speech errors. University of Toronto.

Bibliography in: The Dragon in Medieval East Christian and Islamic Art

Representation of serial order in speech: Evidence from the repeated phoneme effect in speech errors. Positive feedback in hierarchical connectionist models: applications to language production. Cognitive Science. Toward a unified model of slips of the tongue. Fromkin Ed. Errors in linguistic performance pp. New York: Academic Press. Elman, J. Speech perception as a cognitive process: The interactive activation model.

CODE-SWITCHING: Jumping Between 2 Different Languages

Lass Ed. Speech and Language. Advances in basic research and practice. Orlando: Academic Press. Fay, D. Substitutions and splices: a study of sentence blends. Feldman, J. Connectionist models and their properties. Cognitive Science, 6, — Fromkin, V. The non-anomalous nature of anomalous utterances. Language, 47, 27— Appendix: A sample of speech errors. Speech errors as linguistic evidence pp. The Hague: Mouton. Garnsey, S. Some neurolinguistic implications of prearticulatory editing in production.

Brain and Language, 23, 64— Garrett, M. The analysis of sentence production. Bower Ed. The psychology of learning and motivation. Vol 9 pp. Levels of processing in sentence production. Butterworth Ed. Language Production. Speech and Talk. London: Academic Press. Groeger, J. Producing speech errors in the laboratory. Harley, T. A critique of top-down independent levels models of speech production: Evidence from non-plan-internal speech errors. Cognitive Science, 8, — Hockett, C. Where the tongue slips, there slip I. Hotopf, W. Lexical slips of the pen and tongue: What they tell us about language production.

Juola, J. Fischler, I. Recognition time for information stored in long-term memory. Perception and Psychophysics, 10, 8— Laver, J. Neurolinguistic aspects of speech production. Gutknecht Ed. Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe. Monitoring systems in the neurolinguistic control of speech production. McClelland, J. On the time relations of mental processes: An examination of systems of processing in cascade. Psychological Review, 86, — An interactive activation model of context effects in letter perception: Part 1. An account of basic findings. Psychological Review, 88, — Motley, M. Toward a model of integrated editing processes in prearticulatory encoding: evidence from laboratory generated verbal slips.

Witness the following examples: Es ist die Michaela, die mir in dieser Geschichte am meisten Leid tut. Cleft constructions with initial, medial and final cleft constituent In line with the new classification system proposed in Calude , for English, as well as with the classification system sometimes used for Spanish cf. Van den Steen , we propose to distinguish three types of Cleft constructions: with initial, medial and with final cleft constituent.

More precisely, the difference between the three types of Cleft constructions is the following: in the first group of Cleft constructions, the cleft constituent CC in the figure below opens the construction and precedes both the copula COP and the cleft clause CCL ; in the second group of Cleft constructions, the cleft constituent is located between the copula optionally preceded by an expletive subject in non pro-drop languages, cf.

Cleft constructions: A classification system based on the position of the cleft constituent This classification proposal differs from the account mentioned above in that we consider the clefts given in as two different types. In the new classification system, a difference is made between clefts with initial cf.

The most important differences are as follows: i the labels referring to the three types of clefts mentioned in Figure 2 are much more transparent and therefore straightforward to apply in cross-linguistic descriptions; ii in contrast with what could be suggested in the traditional taxonomy of clefts, in the new classification proposal there is no hierarchy between the three types of clefts: as can be observed on the basis of their position in Figure 2, the three cleft types are independent from each other; from this it follows that the three types of clefts are considered to be equally important; iii in turn, from the previous point it follows that in the new classification system no correlation is suggested between a given cleft type and its derivation pattern and that there are no expectations concerning the reversibility of one cleft type into another; iv the classification proposed in Figure 2 is more straightforward in describing the problematic structures discussed in Section 2.

We will return to this point below. Cleft constructions with initial, medial and final cleft constituent: Cross-linguistic evidence At this point, we would like to make our classification proposal more concrete by providing examples from the five languages in which we are interested. Table 1, which also recalls the abstract formal make-up of the three main types of clefts cf. An interesting hypothesis, which should be verified in future research, is whether Italian and perhaps also French used more clefts with initial than with medial cleft constituent before the 19 th Century than today.

As we have seen on the basis of some of the examples provided by Fornaciari cf. From the data available at hand, it seems that after this date possibly as a result of language contact in a first stage with French , the cleft constituent came to preferably occupy the medial position of the syntactic structure. This formal overlap also concerns the paradigm of forms that belong to the three types of clefts.

First, it concerns the clefts constructed with a cleft clause opened by a free or WH- pronoun in particular Type C clefts. Consider Table 2, which provides the list of free pronouns that can open the cleft clause of all three types of clefts note that these forms basically correspond to interrogative pronouns and, in some cases, also to relative pronouns. Following Collins , we propose to consider for English only the lexical nouns corresponding to the list of free relatives given in Table 2 and recalled in the first column to the left of Table 3 cf.

Collins 29— In Table 3, we adopt this view for the other languages. Table 3. List of generic lexical heads opening cleft clauses in five European languages English German Italian French Spanish who one Person persona personne persona person where place Ort luogo endroit sitio posto lieu lugar what thing Ding cosa chose cosa 32 Based on its structural resemblance with Type C clefts, i. However, it should be noted that it is difficult to interpret this structure as having a contrastive focus on the initial cleft constituent the same could be said for Italian.

It should also be noted that this table does not contain all the possible WH-forms: as well as E. A slightly more detailed list of WH-forms is provided in De Cesare et al.

Moreover, although semantically related, in Table 2 we have not included the English form all cf. Calude a book is all I want; all I want is a book. Witness the following authentic example, which correspond to the forms commonly employed in Italian and French Type C clefts examples [] and [] repeat examples [63] and [64] I think the person I like best is the step granny.

As we highlighted in Section 3 and present in more detail in De Cesare et al. There are differences even between languages belonging to the same genetic family cf. Harris-Delisle ; Smits Another cross-linguistic difference regarding Type C clefts in the two Germanic as opposed to the two Romance languages we are dealing with cf. De Cesare et al. In his view cf. Interestingly, the list of analytical compounds is the same as the one provided by Collins While the option of using a complex pronoun is not easily available in English, it is possible in German cf.

Cleft constructions with initial, medial and final cleft constituent: Paradigm of forms At this point it should be highlighted that each paradigm of clefts — i. As displayed in Table 4, the Italian language is particularly adapted to illustrate the wealth of forms that could possibly be found in this language for each class of clefts. Each class of clefts, i. The first one is, again, that the three cleft types identified in Table 4 correspond only roughly to the three cleft types identified in Figure 1 and should therefore not be equated in block.

Thus, in contrast to what is traditionally considered to be a Pseudo-cleft in Italian, Cleft constructions of Type C do not only include syntactic structures opened by a free relative cf. C-2 and by a relative headed by a complex pronoun C-3 , but also by other forms C-1 and C Such a proposal has been made for instance by Monica Berretta cf. A similar proposal is found in Gil for the class of Pseudo-clefts: in his view, this category can be extended so as to cover not only the constructions opened by a free relative chi and by a relative headed by a pronoun quello che , but also the constructions opened by an implicit cleft clause our Type C In this new taxonomy, clefts like 87 and 92 , repeated below as and , are both instances of Type B clefts, as the cleft constituent is located between the copula and the cleft clause.

The latest results of corpus-based researches show very clearly that these cleft types and subtypes are strongly register and genre-specific, i. It is well known, for instance, that there are major differences in the distribution of clefts in spoken vs. Let us illustrate this point on the basis of Type C- clefts. Berretta The colloquial nature of Type C-1 clefts is evident in the example provided below, from an informal conversation, in which we can observe several oral features cf.

Concluding remarks After recalling the terminology traditionally used in the literature to refer to different types of clefts and highlighting some of the milestones reached in the research on clefts, mainly in the Romance languages, this paper presented the classic taxonomy of clefts used in the description of English as well as of other European languages and discussed the external and internal boundaries of these three classes of clefts.

In light of an important body of taxonomic shortcomings, the main contribution of this paper is to propose a new classification system of Cleft constructions based on a single factor, which coincides with the linear position of the cleft constituent within the syntactic structure. In contrast to the classic tripartite taxonomy of clefts, which is primarily rooted on the formal properties of both the cleft construction introducer as labels Cleft sentences and Pseudo-cleft sentences should be maintained only for the traditional and prototypical forms of Cleft sentences and Pseudo-cleft sentences i.

In the other cases, these labels should be avoided, in particular for languages that differ significantly from English. The main advantage of this new classification system of clefts is that it is straightforward to apply to data from different languages and allows the classificatory problems listed in the first part of the paper to be easily solved.

We believe that this new classification system of clefts offers a very good basis for contrastive studies which aim to describe the frequency, forms and functions of clefts from a cross-linguistic perspective. We also believe that this classification is especially useful when several languages are taken into account at once and when the comparison involves languages that differ structurally, not only from English but also from each other.

The papers included in the first part of the volume partly rest on this new classification system to describe the cross-linguistic similarities and differences in the frequency, forms and functions of clefts. For an overview of the distribution of Type B and C clefts in a corpus of online news articles, see in particular De Cesare et al. There are of course numerous open questions to address in future research and several pieces of data that ought to be further developed.

For instance, while the literature has mainly shown that different types of clefts in particular the traditionally labeled IT-cleft and WH-cleft encode different syntactic and semantic properties,36 we need to demonstrate more thoroughly that there are significant differences in the ways syntactic and semantic features are encoded within the same paradigm of Cleft construction types, i. Moreover, a more fine-grained account of the functional differences and similarities between Type A, Type B and Type C clefts must be provided. In our view, the main evidence showing that there is a difference between Type A and B clefts is the fact that many languages cf.

English, Spanish, German have both types of clefts in their repertoire and that in these languages, the cleft constituent of these two types of clefts does not have the same formal and pragmatic properties cf. De Cesare on German. In a functional perspective, a crucial aspect that should be taken into account in forthcoming cross-linguistic descriptions of clefts is their intonation and information patterns. This vol. Pseudo-cleft Sentences. Italian-Spanish in contrast. Ahlqvist, Anders.

Cleft Sentences in Irish and other languages. Joensuu: University of Joensuu. Akmajian, Adrian. On deriving cleft sentences from pseudo-cleft sentences. Linguistic Inquiry 1. Prince — and later, for instance, Biber et al. Aspects of the grammar of Focus in English. New York: Garland Publishing. Altmann, Hans.

Wortstellungstypen des Deutschen und Kontrastierung. Bern: Peter Lang. Inferential cleft constructions in translation. Ball, Catherine N. Pennsylvania Review of Linguistics 2. Bally, Charles. Paris: Leroux. Baranzini, Laura. Italian-French in contrast. Bazzanella, Carla. Roma: Bulzoni. Beckman, Natanael. Some neologisms in Nordic and other Western European languages]. Belletti, Adriana. The CP of Clefts. Rivista di Grammatica Generativa Son tre ore che ti aspetto.

Rivista di Grammatica Generativa 3. Berretta, Monica. Ordini marcati dei costituenti di frase in italiano. Vox romanica Ordini marcati dei costituenti maggiori di frase: una rassegna. Linguistica e Filologia 1. Scritti per Bice Mortara Garavelli, 15— Longman grammar of spoken and written English.

London: Longman. Birkner, Karin. Relativ satz konstruktionen im gesprochenen Deutsch. Syntaktische, prosodische, semantische und pragmatische Aspekte. Bolinger, Dwight. A look at equations and cleft sentences. Presented by friends and colleagues, 96— Towards a functional description of cleft constructions. Lingua Calude, Andreea S. Cleft constructions in spoken English.

Castelfranchi, Cristiano. Scissione, enfasi, focalizzazione. Studi di Grammatica Italiana 6. Chomsky, Noam. On Wh-Movement. In Peter W. New York: Academic Press. Collins, Peter C. Cleft and Pseudo-cleft constructions in English. London: Routledge. De Cesare, Anna-Maria. La frase pseudoscissa in italiano contemporaneo. Aspetti semantici, pragmatici e testuali. Studi di grammatica italiana XXIV. Tra sintassi, pragmatica e tipologia linguistica.

Form and frequency of Italian cleft constructions in a corpus of electronic news. A comparative perspective with French, Spanish, German and English. Declerck, Renaat. The pragmatics of it-clefts and wh-clefts. Studies on copular sentences, clefts and pseudo-clefts. Doherty, Monika. Clefts in translation between English and German. Target Dufter, Andreas. Clefting and discourse organization: Comparing Germanic and Romance. Dyhr, Mogens. Eine kontrastive Analyse. Engel, Ulrich. Deutsche Grammatik. Erdmann, Peter. Fokuskonstruktionen im Deutschen und Englischen.

In Claus Gnutzmann ed. Discourse and grammar. Focussing and defocussing in English. The interface language-text: The example of thematic progression. Firenze: Firenze University Press. Fornaciari, Raffaello. Firenze: Sansoni. Frison, Lorenza. Rivista di Grammatica Generativa 7. Le frasi scisse. In Lorenzo Renzi ed.

Bologna: il Mulino. Garassino, Davide. In this vol. Cleft Sentences. Italian-English in contrast. W h -Clefts im Deutschen und Englischen. Eine quantitative Untersuchung auf Grundlage des Europarl-Korpus. Geluykens, Ronald. Five types of clefting in English discourse. Linguistics Gil, Alberto. Textstrukturelle Dimensionen der Satzspaltung im Italienischen.

Geburtstag, vol. Gossen, Carl Theodor. Studien zur syntaktischen und stilistischen Hervorhebung im modernen Italienisch. Berlin: Akademie. Graffi, Giorgio. On Italian cleft sentences. Akten des Linguistischen Kolloquiums Pavia , vol. Guitart, Jorge M. Gundel, Jeannette K. Where do cleft sentences come from? Halliday, Michael A. Notes on transitivity and Theme in English. Part II. Journal of Linguistics 3.

The problems of language control: Editing, monitoring, and feedback

Hankamer, Jorge. On the non-cyclic nature of WH-clefting. In Michael W. LaGaly, Robert A. Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society. Harries, Helga. The role of cleft sentences in the formation of question and answers: some evidence from German. In Paul M. Peranteau, Judith N. Phares eds.

Virtual International Authority File

Harries-Delisle, Helga. Contrastive emphasis and cleft sentences.


  1. The Black Dragon: Book 1 (Mysterium).
  2. Publications Received / Ouvrages ReÇus / Eingegangene Schriften | E.F.K. Koerner.
  3. Ready, Set, Grow: How to Rediscover Your Passion, Overcome Your Fears, and Create the Life Youve Always Wanted;
  4. - Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments.

In Joseph H. Greenberg ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Hedberg, Nancy. The discourse function of cleft sentences in spoken English. Linguistic Society of America Meeting, Ms. New Orleans: Louisiana. Helfrich, Uta. Hendidas y seudo-hendidas. Higgins, Francis R. The pseudo-cleft construction in English. Cambridge, Ma: MIT dissertation. Horn, Laurence R.

Zu Grammatik und Pragmatik lokaler Präpositionen und ihrer Verwendung durch türkische Deutschlerner

Exhaustiveness and the semantics of clefts. Jespersen, Otto. Analytic syntax. London: Allen and Unwin. Italian-Danish in contrast. Lambrecht, Knud. A framework for the analysis of cleft constructions. Lees, Robert. Leirbukt, Oddleif. Zum deutschen Konstruktionstyp Ich bin es, der es getan hat. Lipka, Leonhard. Functional Sentence Perspective, intonation, and the speaker. In Christoph Gutknecht ed. Hamburg: Hoffmann u. Geburtstag, — Metzeltin, Michael. Wien: Praesens. Clefting in the Romance languages: A comparison.

Gutknecht, Christoph

Mikkelsen, Line. On so-called truncated clefts. Miller, Jim. Focus in the languages of Europe. Schwartz eds. Moreau, Marie-Louise. Motsch, Wolfgang In Hugo Steger ed. Darmstadt: Wissenschafliche Buchgesellschaft. Romanica Helvetica Panunzi, Alessandro. In Angela Ferrari ed. Sintassi storica e sincronica, Subordinazione, coordinazione, giustapposizione Basilea, 30 giugno-3 luglio , vol. Firenze: Franco Cesati.

Elementi di grammatica. Torino: Boringhieri. Pseudo-cleft sentences, unpublished ms. Pseudo-cleft sentences. Austin: Department of linguistics, University of Texas at Austin. Pinedo, Alicia English clefts as discourse-pragmatic equivalents to Spanish postverbal subjects.

Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition) Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)
Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)

Related Hauptströmungen der Sprachwissenschaft (German Edition)



Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved