Not quite: With The Pioneers , Cooper actually invented the frontier novel, a genre that continues to live on in western fiction, film, and television. The Last of the Mohicans has never gone out of print. Pegasus Books even released a gorgeous illustrated edition of the novel this summer.
In his Romantic vision of the American wilderness, his heroes have simple virtues such as courage, loyalty, honesty, and perseverance. Our age seems to relish moral complexity and ambiguity; our heroes are flawed, edgy, burdened with dark secrets. But Hawkeye, as Natty Bumppo is known to some, is brave and truthful. He knows who he is and puts his life on the line for his friends — whether white settlers or Native Americans.
Sure, in real life, our loves contain self-interest, and our courage gets mingled with fear and doubt; but stories can offer us an ideal vision of the good life for which we can strive. This is also what attracts us to survival stories and post-apocalyptic fiction. One of his greatest heroines, Cora Munro from The Last of the Mohicans , is of mixed race, since her mother was descended from African slaves. A progressive Cooper was not, but we should acknowledge the good sense present even in novels that share the usual 19th-century American errors about race and culture.
Finally, The Leatherstocking Tales simply have some great stuff in them. For all his long-windedness, Cooper is the master of light and shadow; his American landscape is surreal, rugged, beautiful, and dangerous.
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The Last of the Mohicans has an exciting gunfight set on a waterfall. In The Prairie my favorite , the aged Natty Bumppo has some amazing scenes: a deadly bison stampede, an epic prairie fire, his own death. Mark Twain is perhaps our greatest literary humorist; but just this once, I hope James Fenimore Cooper might get the last laugh. More articles. Previous articles. In This Issue Articles. By Samuel Hammond. By Kevin D. Your email reads your email, and now can write it too. By Shawn Regan. Protect endangered species by turning them into assets. By Jay Nordlinger.
By John J. Duncan G. Stroik designs and builds churches that are solid, inspiring, and timeless. By Jay Cost.
“A Retrospect” and “A Few Don’ts” by Ezra Pound | Poetry Foundation
By Philip A. I set together a few phrases on practical working about the time the first remarks on imagisme were published. I reprint my cautions from Poetry for March, All this, however, some may consider open to debate. I can not put all of them into Mosaic negative. Pay no attention to the criticism of men who have never themselves written a notable work. Consider the discrepancies between the actual writing of the Greek poets and dramatists, and the theories of the Graeco-Roman grammarians, concocted to explain their metres.
It mixes an abstraction with the concrete. Go in fear of abstractions. Do not retell in mediocre verse what has already been done in good prose. Be influenced by as many great artists as you can, but have the decency either to acknowledge the debt outright, or to try to conceal it. Let the candidate fill his mind with the finest cadences he can discover, preferably in a foreign language [This is for rhythm, his vocabulary must of course be found in his native tongue], so that the meaning of the words may be less likely to divert his attention from the movement; e.
Saxon charms, Hebridean Folk Songs, the verse of Dante , and the lyrics of Shakespeare—if he can dissociate the vocabulary from the cadence. Let him dissect the lyrics of Goethe coldly into their component sound values, syllables long and short, stressed and unstressed, into vowels and consonants. It is not necessary that a poem should rely on its music, but if it does rely on its music that music must be such as will delight the expert.
Let the neophyte know assonance and alliteration, rhyme immediate and delayed, simple and polyphonic, as a musician would expect to know harmony and counterpoint and all the minutiae of his craft. No time is too great to give to these matters or to any one of them, even if the artist seldom have need of them.
There is in this line of his nothing that one can call description; he presents. The scientist does not expect to be acclaimed as a great scientist until he has discovered something. He begins by learning what has been discovered already. He goes from that point onward. He does not bank on being a charming fellow personally.
He does not expect his friends to applaud the results of his freshman class work. Freshmen in poetry are unfortunately not confined to a definite and recognizable class room. Let the beginning of the next line catch the rise of the rhythm wave, unless you want a definite longish pause. In short, behave as a musician, a good musician, when dealing with that phase of your art which has exact parallels in music. The same laws govern, and you are bound by no others.
Naturally, your rhythmic structure should not destroy the shape of your words, or their natural sound, or their meaning. It is improbable that, at the start, you will he able to get a rhythm-structure strong enough to affect them very much, though you may fall a victim to all sorts of false stopping due to line ends, and caesurae. The Musician can rely on pitch and the volume of the orchestra. You can not. The term harmony is misapplied in poetry; it refers to simultaneous sounds of different pitch.
There is, however, in the best verse a sort of residue of sound which remains in the ear of the hearer and acts more or less as an organ-base. A rhyme must have in it some slight element of surprise if it is to give pleasure, it need not be bizarre or curious, but it must be well used if used at all.
That part of your poetry which strikes upon the imaginative eye of the reader will lose nothing by translation into a foreign tongue; that which appeals to the ear can reach only those who take it in the original. Read as much of Wordsworth as does not seem too unutterably dull. If you want the gist of the matter go to Sappho, Catullus, Villon, Heine when he is in the vein, Gautier when he is not too frigid; or, if you have not the tongues, seek out the leisurely Chaucer. Good prose will do you no harm, and there is good discipline to be had by trying to write it.
This is usually only the result of being too lazy to find the exact word. To this clause there are possibly exceptions. The first three simple prescriptions will throw out nine-tenths of all the bad poetry now accepted as standard and classic; and will prevent you from many a crime of production. Since March , Ford Madox Hueffer has pointed out that Wordsworth was so intent on the ordinary or plain word that he never thought of hunting for le mot juste.
John Butler Yeats has handled or man-handled Wordsworth and the Victorians, and his criticism, contained in letters to his son, is now printed and available.
I do not like writing about art, my first, at least I think it was my first essay on the subject, was a protest against it. Metastasio, and he should know if any one, assures us that this age endures—even though the modern poet is expected to holloa his verses down a speaking tube to the editors of cheap magazines—S.
To enumerate them all would be unbearably prolix. Just a trifle bids them gather and a trifle bids them go.
And they tease me and torment me more than anyone can know. Earth, so its part — their creed — that grey church Taints me with sepulchral care, till pleasure faints. Limp under suckling grief. Away from this! Out in the live town's turmoil, all remiss, Is nobler than such prolix grandeur paints.
Words By Dani Hedlund
Bulwer-Lytton, in honor of prolix prose. The paradox for Westerners may be that in Japan profundity prefers brevity to prolixity. We refrain from writing the exponential versions because of the prolixity of barred variables. Thus Prolixe cannot be the category of models of any essentially algebraic theory. We shall now show that Prolixe is a retract of full subcategory of Omega Cat.
Related Prolix (Prolix Literary Magazine Book 1)
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