What Causes Manic Depression?
However, the association between genes and any psychiatric disorder is complex, and there is currently no definitive test or genetic screening available that can predict whether someone will develop bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder symptoms can interfere with normal life and close relationships. Luckily, there are many factors that promote recovery , including a healthy diet, plenty of exercise, quality sleep, and avoiding alcohol and drugs.
One study cited the importance of a qualified, caring healthcare professional who sees you as a whole person.
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This can be difficult to achieve, as mental health providers are in short supply. Find a doctor that could help you. In a study in the Netherlands, patients who were being treated for bipolar disorder also stressed the importance of open communication with others, individualized care, and the opportunity to have a mental health institution to go to in case of crisis.
But during bouts of mania, bipolar patients may lack self-awareness and not recognize that they are ill—a symptom called anosognosia. For them, having caregivers as advocates can mean the difference between untreated symptoms and hope of relief and even recovery. But make no mistake: There is help—and hope. Your email address will not be published.
Very informative and helpful. Diagnosed By polar 1 in Nov Doing well and hoping to be a bipolar and mental health advocate peer counselor. Genomind Blog. June 11, Here are the different types: Bipolar disorder type I: These patients have at least one episode of full-blown mania or manic and depressive symptoms, and often many more, over the course of a lifetime. Bipolar disorder type II: Patients have long episodes of depression, at least one episode of hypomania a milder, less intense form of mania , but no full-blown manic episodes.
Bipolar Disorder Is Challenging to Diagnose Some conditions, like hearing loss or the common cold, are fairly easy for doctors to accurately diagnosis. Instead, it must be managed for life. The most common treatment protocols for bipolar disorder include the following: Mood stabilizers, such as lithium , to reduce manic episodes and symptoms of depression. This approach alone helps about one-third of patients.
Antipsychotic medications can help insomnia, agitation, and sometimes depression symptoms. Some people take these medications as add-ons to lithium. Antidepressants are sometimes used if mood stabilizers alone do not relieve depressive symptoms. They are given together with mood stabilizers or antipsychotics to prevent cycling. Antianxiety medications such as benzodiazepines may lesson anxiety and improve sleep, but they are usually only used for a short amount of time due to the risk of dependence and abuse.
Categories: Mental Health News. Tags: bipolar , bipolar disorder , bipolar genetic test , Genetic Test , genetic testing for bipolar disorder , Genomind , mental health awareness. Share This Page. Email Print Twitter Facebook Linkedin. Explained: What Is Pharmacogenetics?
One Bipolar Family: From Affliction Toward Recovery
For Patients. Learn how genetic testing can make a difference in feeling better. Learn More. Talk to Your Doctor. Of that group, when broken down by gender, slightly more men 2. Men are as vulnerable to bipolar disorder as women, in both adolescence and adulthood. People with bipolar disorders there are three types: bipolar I, bipolar II and cyclothymic disorder experience intense emotional states—manic, hypomanic or depressive. They also have periods where their mood is stable.
Gender seems to play a role in how the disorder exists in the individual because the illness so strongly impacts emotional and psychological states. The median age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 although it can start earlier and occur later—during middle age. The same gender ratio holds true for bipolar in adolescents—there are no appreciable differences in terms of population.
What is bipolar disorder?
As to symptom differences between age groups, however, adolescent bipolar disorder often varies from the adult in terms of intensity. When the disorder is first developing, behavioral patterns can be more erratic. Mania symptoms exist in an equally wide range of forms for both men and women.
It may, but symptoms are usually more internalized. Manic thinking and feeling sometimes veer on delusion, as in grandiose ideas of the self as having some special purpose to fulfill.
NIMH » Bipolar Disorder
Hallucinations also occur in extreme cases, wherein the individual is unable to distinguish the real from the unreal. Manic states are often marked by sleeplessness; the person does not have insomnia, but rather is so obsessed that they believe they require less sleep or choose to remain awake as long as possible.
This may result in a negative or positive response; the person may be agitated and anxious for hours or days, for no cause they can name, or they may be euphoric for the same extended period. Mania is essentially a heightened state of perception, feeling, and behavior, and the bipolar person cannot contain the mania. Manic states overwhelm the personality and cognitive processes, regardless of feeling abundantly happy or sad. Unfortunately, many people refuse to acknowledge the reality of the disorder in themselves or those close to them Pipich Denial is common.
In my experience, men may be more inclined to deny the problem, since it deals with emotional extremes and men are taught not to show emotion. Gender norms additionally affect identification and treatment of the disorder. Women diagnosed as bipolar, for example, are far more likely to be prescribed anti-depressant medications and other forms of treatment. This raises the possibility that women are simply more willing to express their states of depression Karanti et al. There are, of course, other ways of identifying bipolar in men and women, but it is important to recognize this indication of gender before focusing on male symptoms, or symptoms more commonly seen with men.
While the illness and the symptoms are virtually identical in both genders, gender stereotypes sometimes incorrectly justify symptoms that would otherwise indicate the illness. For example, the manic state of euphoria translates to an ongoing and exaggerated feeling of well-being in men and women. As a result, it can become more difficult to see atypical behavior in a man.
Poor decision-making and risk-taking or reckless behaviors are also symptoms associated with mania in a person with bipolar.
Bipolar Disorder – Important New Insights
Again, American men are generally expected to act cautiously, so any recklessness might stand out more in men than in women. Risk-taking, sleeplessness, hyperactivity, and inexplicable euphoria—are all symptoms to watch out for in men with bipolar disorder. In both genders, bipolar depression manifests itself through six behaviors: excessive sleeping, changes in eating, being withdrawn and sullen, irritability, inability to concentrate, and lack of interest in virtually anything typically enjoyed.
Extremes, not surprisingly, include suicidal impulses and attempts as well as reclusive behaviors. Bipolar disorder carries a high risk of suicide. Suicide in men is a significant social, behavioral health and medical problem. Men have a much larger rate of attempts and completed suicide rates in comparison with women. Early identification of bipolar disorder and risk factors is essential to intervene, treat, and prevent any risk-taking behavior.
Again, it can be argued that women more easily reveal their emotion and more willing to seek help.
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